Research data "As open as possible, as closed as necessary"
Data Citation Principles
Open data is data that is free to access, reuse, repurpose, and redistribute. The Data Citation Principles cover purpose, function and attributes of citations. These principles recognize the dual necessity of creating citation practices that are both human understandable and machine-actionable. Here you can find the "Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles".
Licenses for Data
Creative Commons license - It is recommended to regard data as not copyrightable Open Data. Some publishers wish to claim that if published alongside a journal article they own the copyright on them. CC-Licenses effectively forbids them to claim copyright without the authors permission and acquiescence. Find more information at the page Licensing Assistent by the European Data Portal.
DOI for Data
DataCite ) is a not-for-profit organization formed in London on December 1, 2009, with an aim to establish easier access to research data on the Internet, increase acceptance of research data as legitimate, citable contributions to the scholarly record, and support data archiving that will permit results to be verified and re-purposed for future study. To date, it has registered over 3 million datasets with Digital Object Identifiers (DOI).
Create a Data Management Plan (DMP)
"Projects participating in the Horizon 2020 Open Research Data Pilot will be required to develop several versions of a Data Management Plan (DMP) , in which they will specify what data will be kept for the longer term. Other projects are invited to submit a Data Management Plan if it is relevant for their planned research." (https://www.openaire.eu/create-dmp, 29.11.2017)
Digital Curation Centre (DCC) has developed DMPonline to help you to write data management plans. There is a screencast on how to use DMPonline: https://dmponline.dcc.ac.uk/
RODARE - Data Repository at the HZDR
- Slides by Tobias Frust: RODARE Rossendorf Data Repository
According to the "Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities" (2003) scientific organizations will provide an open access to research data if possible. The HZDR has registered at datacite.org (see below) to provide open access data. Using the short name of the HZDR (TIB.HZDR) - data can be found using the datacite search (http://search.datacite.org). The official HZDR DOI-Prefix is 10.14278.
Any open access data of the HZDR can be registered for a Digital Object Identifier (DOI). There are some prerequisites you have to fulfil in order to get a DOI:
- Each individual data record has to be registered (https://mds.datacite.org). The registration for the HZDR is free of charge. The registration can be done manually or via application program interface (API).
- For each record a set of metadata has to be uploaded. There is an API for the automatic registration and upload of metadata (https://mds.datacite.org/static/apidoc).
- The repository has to offer an open acces "landing page" where users can search for records based on the meta data.
- To be able to upload metadata of the DOIs to MDS it is important, that it is provided according to the DataCite scheme . The most actual scheme can be found at http://schema.datacite.org/ (DataCite: http://datacite.org)
Find an other Data Repository
re3data.org – Registry of Research Data Repositories
re3data.org and Databib have agreed for successful cooperation: Both projects will work together on a sustainable governance structure and a permanent infrastructure for the joint registry. From now all re3data.org-records get a DOI for perfect referencing.
The joint registry will be operated under the name "re3data.org - Registry of Research Data Repositories" with its editorial board retaining the name of Databib. By the end of 2015, the merged registry will become an imprint of DataCite and be included in its suite of services. Since early 2012, “re3data.org has been indexing research data repositories. re3data.org is funded from 2012 to 2015 by the German Research Foundation DFG.
From 2015, August on every re3data.org record is persistently accessible and citable via its own persistent identifier. As part of the close cooperation between re3data.org and DataCite the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) system will be used to refer to the re3data.org records.
Examples of Data Repositories:
bioRxiv – a Preprint Server for the Bio Sciences (http://biorxiv.org/)
bioRxiv (pronounced "bio-archive") is a free online archive and distribution service for unpublished preprints in the life sciences. It is operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, a not-for-profit research and educational institution. By posting preprints on bioRxiv, authors are able to make their findings immediately available to the scientific community and receive feedback on draft manuscripts before they are submitted to journals.
Figshare is the only digital repository that allows the upload and sharing of all formats of scientific work: images, videos, records, posters or software code are also included. Each upload into the cloud Figshare is provided with a DOI. Uploaded data sets are visualized in the browser, so that they can be viewed quickly and without special software. Finde more information: http://bit.ly/2c0qYF1
Zenodo is an open dependable home for the long-tail of science, enabling researchers to share and preserve any research outputs in any size, any format and from any science.