Contact

Prof. Dr. Uwe Hampel
Head
u.hampel@hzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 2772
Fax: 12772, 2383

Reaktorsicherheitsforschung

Für die Bewertung von Störfallszenarien in kerntechnischen Anlagen sowie die Validierung von Störfall-Rechencodes sind experimentelle Untersuchungen bei anlagennahen thermofluiddynamischen Parameter erforderlich. Solche Experimente werden an der TOPFLOW-Anlage durchgeführt. Darüber hinaus werden Fragestellung zur Funktionsfähigkeit und Sicherheit innovativer passiver Kühlsysteme sowie zu fortgeschrittener Instrumentierung zur Überwachung von Reaktoranlagen und Abfallbehältern entwickelt.

Foto: PTS reference picture ©Copyright: Matthias Beyer

Thermal fluid dynamics of pressurized thermal shock

During a loss-of-coolant-accident in a nuclear reactor circuit, the emergency core cooling system injects water of approximately 9°C temperature into a partially filled cold leg in order to maintain safe cooling of the reactor core. This event may result in high thermal loads to the reactor pressure vessel wall and thus affect the reactor pressure vessel's integrity.
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Foto: critical heat flux - reference picture ©Copyright: Thomas Geißler

Core thermal hydraulics, wall boiling and critical heat flux

Together with the other project partners the transient process from nucleate boiling to film boiling is studied both by means of experimental and numerical tools. Numerical method development includes the modelling of the development of gas fraction, bubble size and distribution and heat transfer in the Euler-Euler two-phase framework near or at CHF.
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Foto: Condensation heat exchanger for passive cooling systems - reference picture ©Copyright: Sebastian Unger

Passive cooling systems

The storage of spent fuel elements in actively cooled water pools, e.g. by pumps, is common practice in nuclear power plants. A promising approach to enhance the reliability of power plants is a two-phase, passive heat transfer system.
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Foto: Corrosion induced long-term effects during loss-of-coolant accidents in pressurized water reactors - reference picture ©Copyright: Dr. Holger Kryk

Behavior of zink borate species in loss-of-coolant accidents

Measures to ensure the long-term core coolability after design-basis accidents are integral part of the safety concept of nuclear power stations in the whole world. In case of loss-of-coolant accidents in pressurized water reactors, the cooling water spilling out of the leak in the primary cooling circuit is collected in the reactor sump and recirculated into the primary cooling circuit by emergency cooling pumps during sump recirculation operation.
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Foto: Safety of spent fuel pools - reference picture ©Copyright: Martin Arlit

Safety of spent fuel pools

The objective of the project is the experimental investigation and modelling of the thermal hydraulics in a mock-up of a boiling water reactor fuel element to gain a bet­ter understanding of the underlying processes and to assess the time course of such an accident scenario.
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Foto: Safety related analysis of the behavior of valves, centrifugal pumps and intake geometries under accident conditions - reference picture ©Copyright: Thomas Schäfer

Gas entrainment into pumps and valves

The project deals with the analysis and prediction of the behavior of safety related components in light water reactors under critical operation conditions. One issue is the potential gas entrainment into emergency cooling pumps.
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Foto: Komplette Gegenstrombegrenzung im Heißstrangmodell eines Druckwasserreaktors ©Copyright: Lutz Szalinski

Counter-current flow limitation in the hot leg of a PWR nuclear reactor

If accidents occur on Nuclear Power Plants (NPP), the safe reactor core cooling always has to be guaranteed, even in case of additional failure of components. One of the considered accident scenarios is a little leakage at the primary loop of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) with simultaneous failure of the high-pressure emergency core cooling system after the shut-down of the main coolant pumps.
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Foto: Non-invasive nuclear reactor state monitoring - reference picture ©Copyright: Prof. Dr. Uwe Hampel

Monitoring of nuclear reactors state in se­vere accidents

Accidents with multiple security system failures in light water nuclear reactors can lead to a coolant level decrease inside the reactor and may cause the core to heat up and eventually melt. Initiation of emergency measures in such an accident requires knowledge of the filling level decrease and the beginning of the meltdown.
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Foto: State monitoring of transport and storage containers for spent fuel - reference picture ©Copyright: Michael Wagner

Long-term monitoring methods for spent fuel

Without a long-term storage for highly-active nuclear waste a prolonged intermediate storage of spent fuel in dry storage casks at the power plant sites is required. Therefore, it is of public interest to find and potentially implement methods which can provide ­information about the condition of the storage container inventory.
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Contact

Prof. Dr. Uwe Hampel
Head
u.hampel@hzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 2772
Fax: 12772, 2383