Eye catcher

Dr. Gregor Hlawacek

Ion Microscopy
Ion Induced Nanostructures
Phone: +49 351 260 3409

Helium Ion Microscopy

Helium Ion Microscopy (HIM) is an advanced focus ion beam technology that allows imaging and nano fabrication of conductive as well as insulating materials with unprecendented resolution.


HIM utilizes a the apex of a tungsten tip to ionize noble gas atoms. Shaping the tip on the atomic level allows to use only the last three atoms of the apex for this purpose. This trimer and apertures in the ion optical column lead to a source size of only 0.25 nm which results in a beam spot with a diameter of only 0.5 nm. Currently the gas can either be He or Ne. While the former is mostly used for imaging the later allows high resolution nano fabrication.


  • 0.5 nm He beam 10-35 keV
  • 2 nm Ne beam 5-25 keV
  • GIS injection system for IBID (W(Co)6, HRD, XeF2)
  • In-situ backscatter spectrometry and secondary ion mass spectrometry (50nm lateral resolution)
  • 4 Kleindiek MM3A micromanipulators
  • Heating stage (<500°C)
Orion NanoFab HIM Trimer
Orion NanoFab HIM Trimer
Foto: Carl Zeiss Foto: Gregor Hlawacek
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high resolution imaging nanofabrication
  • semiconductors
  • materials science
  • polymers (uncoated)
  • biological samples (uncoated)
  • materials for catalysis
  • seconday ion mass spectrometry
  • metal free TEM lamella peraration
  • creation of nanopores
  • localized Noble gas implantation
  • plasmonic applications
  • ion beam mixing

Current projects

npSCOPE (01/2017-12/2020)

Within the npSCOPE project, a new instrument that couples the extraordinarily high resolution obtained with the finely focussed ion beam provided by a Gas Field Ion Source with sensors for composition (by mass spectrometry) and 3D visualisation (by transmission ion microscopy) will be developed. The tool will allow for an extensive characterisation of individual nanoparticles and their exact location in a given environment (tissue, cells, etc.) leading to a better understanding of their potential risks for human health and/or the environment. Hard- and software based on correlative microscopy approaches along with optimized sample-handling methods will therefore be developed to obtain a complete physico-chemical characterization of nanoparticles.

picoFIB (05/2017-04/2020)

The PicoFIB Network brings together international researchers with an interest in material manipulation and characterisation using novel gas-ion patterning and microscopy. It provides a foundation for knowledge exchange, technical training and research development. Outputs find application across the fields of nano-devices, energy technology and bio-materials. It comprises a series of exchange visits, training events and international workshops.

IONS4SET (02/2016-01/2020)

This projected, which started in February 2016, is aimed at the fabrication of a CMOS compatible single electron transistor that works at room temperature. This bold goal will be achieved by a combination of nanofabrication tehcniques and ion beam techniques. The HIM plays a leading role in this context as we will demonstrate that using the nanosized beam of the HIM we can form a single silicon nano cluster inside a burried SiO2 layer. After the nano sized beam of the HIM has been used to locally mix Si into SiO2 the cluster formation will be completed by a thermal treatment.

Analytical Ion Microscopy (finished)

This project led to the development of the worlds first backscatter time of flight spectrometer for the helium ion microscope. The achieved lateral resolution of 50 nm sets new standards for imaging backscatter spectrometry. The design of the spectrometer is such that it is minimal invasive to the microscope and hence ensures that the key performance parameters of the instruments are not influenced in a negative way. In addition the setup can be used for secondary ion mass spectrometry with an even better lateral resolution.

Most recent papers


Morphology modification of Si nanopillars under ion irradiation at elevated temperatures: plastic deformation and controlled thinning to 10 nm

X. XuORC, K.-H. Heinig, W. Möller, H.-J. Engelmann, N. KlingnerORC, A. Gharbi, R. Tiron, J. Borany, G. HlawacekORC



Strain Anisotropy and Magnetic Domains in Embedded Nanomagnets

M. Nord, A. Semisalova, A. Kákay, G. HlawacekORC, I. Maclaren, V. Liersch, O. Volkov, D. Makarov, G. W. Paterson, K. Potzger, J. Lindner, J. FaßbenderORC, D. Mcgrouther, R. Bali


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Stationary beam full-field transmission helium ion microscopy using sub-50 keV He+: Projected images and intensity patterns

M. Mousley, S. Eswara, O. de Castro, O. Bouton, N. KlingnerORC, C. T. Koch, G. HlawacekORC, T. Wirtz


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Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry in the helium ion microscope

N. KlingnerORC, R. Heller, G. HlawacekORC, S. FacskoORC, J. von Borany