Energy > Energy Efficiency, Materials and Resources - All Topics
From the copper cables to the lithium batteries, metal and mineral raw materials play a vital role in our everyday lives. The demand for these resources in terms of quantity and diversity is increasing, especially for use in renewable energy, electromobility, communications and other advanced technologies. At the same time, however, ensuring their continued availability poses a growing number of global challenges, as mineable deposits tend to be located in inhospitable areas or at great depths, while the ores themselves have low metal content and are often fine-grained and complex in structure. How can supplies be secured in the long term? An important contribution to the more efficient use of resources can be made by recycling (known as the Circular Economy) and by minimizing loss from the system. The Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF) is dedicated to providing the innovative technologies that are urgently needed.
HIF was set up in 2011 by the German government as part of its national strategy for raw materials. The research team has been drawn from multiple scientific disciplines and has been gathered together under a single roof to look into such issues as the exploration, processing, metallurgy and recycling of mineral resources. By precisely analyzing the properties of raw materials and the valuable substances they contain as well as by means of computer simulation, it is possible to quantify the material and energy efficiency of processes along the value chain and to identify new solutions for the socially responsible and commercially viable use of raw materials. The focus at HIF is on complex resources from primary and secondary sources as well as on high technology metals such as indium, gallium, germanium and rare earth elements.
HIF is a constituent part of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and works in close collaboration with TU Bergakademie Freiberg. It is a core member of the European EIT RawMaterials network, having played a decisive role in its establishment.
- Developing new technologies for safeguarding the long-term supply of mineral and metalliferous raw materials from domestic and global sources
- Contribution to global environmental protection through material and energy efficieny
- Establishing long-term economic relations with resource-based countries
- Training a new generation of highly qualified scientists and engineers for German industry and for academia
- Alternative energy sources likely to increase demand for critical metals
- INFACT’s first trials of innovative, non-invasive mineral exploration technologies are imminent
- ‘Bio-fishing’ for rare earths: How protein fragments can be used for the recycling of electronics waste
- Reducing water consumption in mining
- An environmental burden today, a resource for tomorrow
- Dresdner Wissenschaftler entwickeln umweltschonende Energietechnologie mit superkritischem Kohlendioxid
- Institutsdirektor Jens Gutzmer zum neuen acatech-Mitglied gewählt
- Spin-off project TheiaX receives support from the funding program "Helmholtz Enterprise"
- Sustainable exploration from the air
Involved HZDR institutes
- Bergakademie Freiberg
- Fraunhofer-Projektgruppe IWKS vom Fraunhofer ISC
- RWTH Aachen
- TU Clausthal
- UVR-FIA GmbH
- Frenzel, M.; Kullik, J.; Reuter, M. A. et al.
Raw material "criticality" - Sense or non-sense
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50(2017)12, 123002 (10.1088/1361-6463/aa5b64)
- Lederer, F. L.; Curtis, S. B.; Bachmann, S. et al.
Identification of lanthanum-specific peptides for future recycling of rare earth elements from compact fluorescent lamps
Biotechnology and Bioengineering 114(2017)5, 1016-1024 (10.1002/bit.26240)
- Leißner, T.; Bachmann, K.; Gutzmer, J. et al.
MLA-based partition curves for magnetic separation
Minerals Engineering 94(2016), 94-103 (10.1016/j.mineng.2016.05.015)
- Rasti, B.; Ghamis, I. P.; Gloaguen, R.
Hyperspectral and LiDAR Fusion Using Extinction Profiles and Total Variation Component Analysis
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 99(2017), 3997-4007 (10.1109/TGRS.2017.2686450)
- Rudolph, M.; Hartmann, R.
Specific Surface Free Energy Component Distributions and Flotabilities of Mineral Microparticles in Flotation – An Inverse Gas Chromatography Study
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 513(2017), 380-388 (10.1016/j.colsurfa.2016.10.069)
- Shuva, M. A. H.; Rhamdhani, M. A.; Brooks, G. A. et al.
Thermodynamics of Palladium (Pd) and Tantalum (Ta) Relevant to Secondary Copper Smelting
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B 1(2017), 317-327 (10.1007/s11663-016-0839-y)
- Frenzel, M.; Mikolajczak, C.; Reuther, M. A. et al.
Quantifying the relative availability of high-tech by-product metals – The cases of gallium, germanium and indium
Resources Policy 52(2017), 327-335 (10.1016/j.resourpol.2017.04.008)