Foto: Program "Matter and Technologies" ©Copyright: BengsAccelerator Research and Development

Matter > Matter and Technologies - All Topics

Foto: ELBE-Zentrum für Hochleistungs-Strahlenquellen ©Copyright: HZDR/Frank BierstedtModern accelerator facilities and systems represent a decisive technology of the future. They are indispensable when it comes to answering the major questions of our time. Today, accelerator systems are not only used in fundamental research, but also for innovations in materials research, bio and nano sciences, active ingredients research, and medical applications such as cancer therapy. The development of innovative accelerators is already today and also continues to be in the future a driving force for the exploration of new high tech fields. The Helmholtz Association's research centers in Hamburg, Darmstadt, Berlin, Jülich, Karlsruhe and Dresden have now joined forces to optimally use their synergies in this sector. In addition, an important task of the cooperation partners revolves around the education and training of young scientists.

Already today, the research facility ELBE – which is based on a superconducting electron linear accelerator operated by the HZDR – permits the acceleration of ultrashort electron bunches in a quality which allows scientists to conduct significantly more and better experiments within a shorter period of time than with comparable, normal conducting accelerators. Within the scope of the research topic “Accelerator Research and Development,” which is also a Helmholtz portfolio topic, methods for electron beam diagnostics on superconducting accelerators are to be optimized further so that it will be possible to operate light sources with improved properties. Other research topics include, for example, innovative particle sources, electron-photon interactions, and ultrashort particle bunches as well as innovative concepts for circular accelerators and accelerators with ultrahigh gradients.

Press Releases

Involved HZDR institutes




  • Kon, A.; Nishiuchi, M.; Kiriyama, H. et al.
    Single-Shot Measurement of Post-Pulse-GeneratedPre-Pulse in High-Power Laser Systems
    Crystals 10(2020)8, 657 (10.3390/cryst10080657)
  • Bock, S.; Marie Herrmann, F.; Püschel, T. et al.
    Characterization of Accumulated B-Integral of Regenerative Amplifier Based CPA Systems
    Crystals 10(2020)9, 847 (10.3390/cryst10090847)
  • Maier, A. R.; Kajumba, N.; Guggenmos, A. et al.
    Water-Window X-Ray Pulses from a Laser-Plasma Driven Undulator
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 5634 (10.1038/s41598-020-62401-4)
  • Lumpkin, A. H.; Laberge, M.; Rule, D. W. et al.
    Coherent Optical Signatures of Electron Microbunching in Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerators
    Physical Review Letters 125(2020), 014801 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.014801)
  • Mukharamova, N.; Lazarev, S.; Meijer, J.-M. et al.
    Femtosecond laser produced periodic plasma in a colloidal crystal probed by XFEL radiation
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 10780 (10.1038/s41598-020-67214-z)
  • Brack, F.-E.; Kroll, F.; Gaus, L. et al.
    Spectral and spatial shaping of laser-driven proton beams using a pulsed high-field magnet beamline
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 9118 (10.1038/s41598-020-65775-7)
  • Carmesin, C. M.; Peter, K.; Enno, G. et al.
    Quantum and classical phase-space dynamics of a free-electron laser
    Physical Review Research 2(2020), 023027 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.023027)
  • Kettle, B.; Gerstmayr, E.; Streeter, M. J. V. et al.
    Single-Shot Multi-keV X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy Using an Ultrashort Laser-Wakefield Accelerator Source
    Physical Review Letters 123(2019), 254801 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.254801)
  • Hussein, A. E.; Senabulya, N.; Ma, Y. et al.
    Laser-wakefield accelerators for high-resolution X-ray imaging of complex microstructures
    Scientific Reports 9(2019), 3249 (10.1038/s41598-019-39845-4)
  • Mackenroth, F.; Holkundkar, A.; Schlenvoigt, H.-P.
    Ultra-intense laser pulse characterization using ponderomotive electron scattering.
    New Journal of Physics 21(2019), 123028 (10.1088/1367-2630/ab5c4d)
  • Becker, G. A.; Schwab, M. B.; Lötzsch, R. et al.
    Characterization of laser-driven proton acceleration from water microdroplets
    Scientific Reports 9(2019), 17169 (10.1038/s41598-019-53587-3)
  • Schwinkendorf, J.-P.; Bohlena, S.; Couperus Cabadağ, J. P. et al.
    Charge calibration of DRZ scintillation phosphor screens
    Journal of Instrumentation 14(2019)9, P09025 (10.1088/1748-0221/14/09/P09025)
  • Chen, M.; Deinert, J.-C.; Green, B. W. et al.
    Pulse- and Field-resolved THz-diagnostics at 4th Generation Lightsources
    Optics Express 27(2019)22, 32360-32369 (10.1364/OE.27.032360)
  • Kling, P.; Giese, E.; Carmesin, C. M. et al.
    High-gain quantum free-electron laser: Emergence and exponential gain
    Physical Review A 99(2019)5, 053823 (10.1103/PhysRevA.99.053823)
  • Hidding, B.; Beaton, A.; Boulton, L. et al.
    Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA
    Applied Sciences 9(2019), 2626 (10.3390/app9132626)
  • Martinez De La Ossa, A.; Assmann, R. W.; Bussmann, M. et al.
    Hybrid LWFA–PWFA staging as a beam energy and brightness transformer: conceptual design and simulations
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 377(2019), 20180175 (10.1098/rsta.2018.0175)
  • Haffa, D.; Yang, R.; Bin, J. et al.
    I-BEAT: Ultrasonic method for online measurement of the energy distribution of a single ion bunch
    Scientific Reports 9(2019), 6714 (10.1038/s41598-019-42920-5)
  • Gilljohann, M. F.; Ding, H.; Döpp, A. et al.
    Direct Observation of Plasma Waves and Dynamics Induced by Laser-Accelerated Electron Beams
    Physical Review X 9(2019), 011046 (10.1103/PhysRevX.9.011046)
  • Pan, R.; Zapolnova, E.; Golz, T. et al.
    Photon diagnostics at the FLASH THz beamline
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 26(2019)3, 700-707 (10.1107/S1600577519003412)
  • Jahn, D.; Schumacher, D.; Brabetz, C. et al.
    Focusing of multi-MeV, subnanosecond proton bunches from a laser-driven source
    Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 22(2019)1, 011301 (10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.22.011301)
  • Efimenko, E. S.; Bashinov, A. V.; Gonoskov, A. A. et al.
    Laser-driven plasma pinching in e−e+ cascade
    Physical Review E 99(2019)3, 031201(R) (10.1103/PhysRevE.99.031201)
  • Joshi, V.; Lehnert, U.; Karmakar, J. et al.
    Theoretical and simulation study of ‘Comb’ electron beam and THz generation
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 931(2019), 28-39 (10.1016/j.nima.2018.10.072)
  • Steiniger, K.; Albach, D.; Bussmann, M. et al.
    Building an Optical Free-Electron Laser in the Traveling-Wave Thomson-Scattering Geometry
    Frontiers in Physics 6(2019), 155 (10.3389/fphy.2018.00155)
  • Debus, A.; Steiniger, K.; Kling, P. et al.
    Realizing Quantum free-electron lasers: A critical analysis of experimental challenges and theoretical limits
    Physica Scripta 94(2019), 074001 (10.1088/1402-4896/aaf951)
  • Tanikawa, T.; Karabekyan, S.; Kovalev, S. et al.
    A superradiant THz undulator source for XFELs
    Journal of Instrumentation 45(2019)5, P05024 (10.1088/1748-0221/14/05/P05024)
  • Debus, A.; Pausch, R.; Huebl, A. et al.
    Circumventing the dephasing and depletion limits of laser-wakefield acceleration
    Physical Review X 9(2019)3, 031044 (10.1103/PhysRevX.9.031044)
  • Lu, P.; Arnold, A.; Teichert, J. et al.
    Simulation of ELBE SRF gun II for high-bunch-charge applications
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 830(2016), 536-544 (10.1016/j.nima.2016.05.087)
  • Xiang, R.; Arnold, A.; Kamps, T. et al.
    Experimental studies of dark current in a superconducting RF photo-injector
    Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 17(2014)4, 043401 (10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.043401)
  • Teichert, J.; Arnold, A.; Büttig, H. et al.
    Free-Electron Laser Operation with a Superconducting Radio-Frequency Photoinjector at ELBE
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 743(2014), 114-120 (10.1016/j.nima.2014.01.006)