Numerical Transfer Towards Unresolved Morphology Representation in the MultiMorph Model


Numerical Transfer Towards Unresolved Morphology Representation in the MultiMorph Model

Meller, R.; Krull, B.; Schlegel, F.; Tekavcic, M.

The morphology adaptive multifield two-fluid model OpenFOAM-Hybrid focuses on the reliable and robust simulation of interfacial two-phase flows in real size industrial applications. This requires to combine the Volume-of-Fluid approach with the Euler-Euler model for large and small scale interfacial structures, respectively. The choice of the local representation of interfacial structures, such as bubbles or droplets, by either the first or the second of the aforementioned basic method strongly depends on the ratio of the length scale of the interface feature to the grid spacing. In case the computational grid gets too coarse to locally resolve an interfacial structure anymore, a morphology transfer is required. Such a transfer process allows to convert resolved fluid into non-resolved one, i.e. changing from a continuous description to a dispersed one. A formulation for such a numerically motivated disintegration process is presented and validated with a case of a two-dimensional single rising bubble on a grid with gradually varying cell size. The model is then applied to two further cases: an oil-water phase inversion and a water jet plunging into a free water surface. Hereby, functionality, robustness and feasibility of the proposed morphology transfer mechanism are demonstrated. This work contributes to a hybrid modelling approach for the simulation of two-phase flows adapting the numerical representation depending on local flow morphology and on available computational resources.

Keywords: Multiphase Flows; Numerical Simulation; Euler-Euler; OpenFOAM; Morphology-adaptive Model

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