Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
|Total number to be selected: 1 Title record|
Experimental Study on the Air/water Counter-current Flow Limitation in a Model of the Hot Leg of a Pressurised Water ReactorDeendarlianto; Vallee, C.; Lucas, D.; Beyer, M.; Pietruske, H.; Carl, H.
An experimental investigation on the air/water counter-current two-phase flow in a horizontal rectangular channel connected to an inclined riser has been conducted. This test-section representing a model of the hot leg of a pressurized water reactor is mounted between two separators in a pressurized experimental vessel. The cross-section and length of the horizontal part of the test-section are (0.25 m × 0.05 m) and 2.59 m, respectively, whereas the inclination angle of the riser is 50°. The flow was captured by a high-speed camera in the bended region of the hot leg, delivering a detailed view of the stratified interface as well as of dispersed structures like bubbles and droplets. Countercurrent flow limitation (CCFL), or the onset of flooding, was found by analyzing the water levels measured in the separators. The counter-current flow limitation is defined as the maximum air mass flow rate at which the discharged water mass flow rate is equal to the inlet water mass flow rate.
From the high-speed observations it was found that the initiation of flooding coincides with the formation of slug flow. Furthermore, a hysteresis was noticed between flooding and deflooding. The CCFL data was compared with similar experiments and empirical correlations available in the literature. Therefore, the Wallis-parameter was calculated for the rectangular cross-sections by using the channel height as length, instead of the diameter. The agreement of the CCFL curve is good, but the zero liquid penetration was found at lower values of the Wallis parameter than in most of the previous work. This deviation can be attributed to the special rectangular geometry of the hot leg model of FZD, since the other investigations were done for pipes.
Keywords: Two-phase flow, counter-current flow, CCFL, flooding, deflooding, PWR, hot leg, rectangular channel, TOPFLOW
Nuclear Engineering and Design 238(2008)12, 3389-3402
- available with HZDR-Login