Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Numerical modeling of a horizontal annular flow experiment using a droplet entrainment model
Höhne, T.; Geissler, T.; Bieberle, A.; Hampel, U.
One limitation in current simulating horizontal annular flows is the lack of treatment of droplet formation mechanisms. For self-generating annular flows in horizontal pipes, the interfacial momentum exchange and the turbulence parameters have to be modelled correctly. Furthermore the understanding of the mechanism of droplet entrainment in annular flow regimes for heat and mass transfer processes is of great importance in the chemical and nuclear industry.
A new entrainment model is proposed. It assumes that due to liquid turbulence the interface gets rough and wavy and forms droplets. The new approach is validated with HZDR annular flow experiments. Important phenomena like the pressure drop, the wave pumping effect, the droplet entrainment, the liquid film formation and the transient flow behavior could be calculated, analyzed and some of the phenomena compared with the measurement.
Keywords: CFD; horizontal annular flow; AIAD; droplet entrainment; two-phase flow
Annals of Nuclear Energy 77(2015), 351-360