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A novel fuzzy-logic based method for determination of individual bubble velocity and size from dual-plane ultrafast X-ray tomography data of two-phase flow

Banowski, M.; Patmonoaji, A.; Lucas, D.; Hampel, U.

Ultrafast X-ray tomography enables non-invasive imaging of gas-liquid flows with high spatial and temporal resolution. While it is relatively straightforward to extract e.g. gas fraction profiles from cross-sectional tomographic images, the extraction of bubble and gas-liquid interface information requires advanced image processing techniques. Thereby it is an important necessity to transform the temporal scale in the scanned sequences into a corresponding length scale for obtaining correct volumetric information. For bubbly flows this means that the velocity of the dispersed phase, i.e. the gas bubbles, has to be determined from dual-plane scans. A common and widely applied method to obtain gas phase velocities is cross-correlating the image sequences of the two scanning planes. This gives an averaged velocity for each position in the cross-section. In the present work, a new method is introduced, which determines the velocity of individual gas bubbles. This new method is termed as “bubble twinning method”, because it tries to identify twin-bubbles in both scanning planes. The developed algorithm compares essential bubble parameters, that is, volume, position and residence time in the slice, by applying a fuzzy-logic based membership function approach. The algorithm was tested for bubbly flow as well as slug flow conditions. Results are compared with established theoretical predictions as well as the cross-correlation method.

Keywords: Ultrafast X-ray tomography; image processing; bubbly flow; bubble velocity; bubble size

Involved research facilities

  • TOPFLOW Facility

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-25265