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Probing the Jeff = 0 ground state and the Van Vleck paramagnetism of the Ir5+ ions in layered Sr2Co0.5Ir0.5O4

Agrestini, S.; Kuo, C.-Y.; Chen, K.; Utsumi, Y.; Mikhailova, D.; Rogalev, A.; Wilhelm, F.; Förster, T.; Matsumoto, A.; Takayama, T.; Takagi, H.; Haverkort, M. W.; Hu, Z.; Tjeng, L. H.


We report a combined experimental and theoretical x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy study at the Ir-L2,3 edges on the Ir5+ ions of the layered hybrid solid state oxide Sr2Co0.5Ir0.5O4 with the K2NiF4 structure. From theoretical simulation of the experimental Ir-L2,3 XMCD spectrum, we found a deviation from a pure Jeff = 0 ground state with an anisotropic orbital-to-spin moment ratio (Lx/2Sx = 0.43 and Lz/2S = 0.78). This deviation is mainly due to multiplet interactions being not small compared to the cubic crystal field and due to the presence of a large tetragonal crystal field associated with the crystal structure. Nevertheless, our calculations show that the energy gap between the singlet ground state and the triplet excited state is still large and that the magnetic properties of the Ir5+ ions can be well described in terms of singlet Van Vleck paramagnetism.

Involved research facilities

  • High Magnetic Field Laboratory (HLD)


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