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Curvature-induced effects in magnetic nanosystems

Volkov, O.; Sheka, D.; Kravchuk, V.; Rößler, U.; Faßbender, J.; Makarov, D.


Curvilinear magnetic objects are in focus of intensive research due to the possibility to obtain new
fundamental effects and stabilize topologically non-trivial magnetic textures at the nanoscale [1]. In
geometrically-broken magnetic objects all energy functionals, that contains spatial derivatives, e.g.
exchange, magnetostatic and intrinsic Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DMI) interactions, are reshaping in a
way of appearance additional curvature-induced chiral and anisotropy terms. These novel chiral
magnetic responses arise in the physical space, by introducing bends and twists to magnetic
architectures even of conventional materials. We address both experimentally and theoretically the
appearance of curvature-induced exchange effects in parabolic nanostripes with different
geometrical parameters [2]. We show that a pinning of transversal domain wall at the parabolic apex
is originated due to the presence of local curvature-induced DMI that creates a subsequent pinning
potential. Measuring the depinning field enables to quantify the effective exchange-driven DMI
interaction constant. In its turn, the interplay between the intrinsic and exchange-induced DMI
paves the way to a mesoscale DMI, whose symmetry and strength depend both on the geometrical
and material parameters [3]. Developing this concept we propose a novel approach towards
artificial ME materials with helimagnetic nanohelices embedded in a piezoelectric matrix [4]. By
applying an electric field, small geometrical changes of pitch and radius could lead to the phase
transition from a homogeneously magnetized state (full average magnetic moment) to a periodical
one (zero average magnetic moment).

[1] R. Streubel et. al., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49,363001 (2016).
[2] O. Volkov et al.. Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 077201 (2019).
[3] O. Volkov et al., Sci. Rep. 8, 866 (2018).
[4] O. Volkov et al., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 52, 345001 (2019).

Keywords: Nanomagnetism; Curvilinear magnetism

  • Lecture (Conference) (Online presentation)
    APS March Meeting 2021, 15.-19.03.2021, Online, USA


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