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Optimization and preliminary design of a high-temperature, low pressure-ratio sCO2-compressor for a wide operating range

Rath, S.; Unger, S.; Hampel, U.; Gampe, U.

Abstract

Power cycles based on supercritical carbon dioxide (sCO2) promise higher thermal efficiencies and more compact components than conventional technologies. Within the CARBOSOLA project, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, a large-scale experimental facility is being set up by a consortium of scientific and industrial partners to actively contribute to the development of sCO2 technology. The first expansion stage provides a circulation of the sCO2 flow without expansion devices in the test loop. Thereby the compressor is intended to compensate for pressure losses and consequently for low pressure differences. In addition to that, a preferably wide operating range, regarding temperature and pressure, shall provide a high degree of flexibility of the test rig.
This work presents the design optimization of the impeller aiming at a wide operating range in compliance with the boundary conditions set for the test rig and the use of sCO2. For this purpose, a hybrid approach is used, combining parametric three-dimensional modeling with a one-dimensional performance criterion for operating range estimation. A large number of impeller designs have been simulated numerically within an optimization procedure using a genetic algorithm. On this basis, several designs have been selected and compared against each other. The evaluation includes sets of performance lines and the validation of the one-dimensional criterion used for optimization.

Involved research facilities

  • TOPFLOW Facility
  • Open Access Logo Contribution to proceedings
    7th International sCO2 Power Cycles Symposium, 21.-24.02.2022, San Antonio, Texas, USA
    Optimization and preliminary design of a high-temperature, low pressure-ratio sCO2-compressor for a wide operating range
  • Open Access Logo Poster
    Optimization and preliminary design of a high-temperature, low pressure-ratio sCO2-compressor for a wide operating range, 21.-24.02.2022, San Antonio, Texas, USA

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-34817