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Investigation of the intrinsic magnetic properties of GdCo4B single crystal: determination of the magnetocrystalline anisotropy from the first-order magnetization processes

Svitlyk, V.; Kuz’Min, M. D.; Mozharivskyj, Y.; Isnard, O.


We report on the intrinsic magnetic properties of a GdCo4B single crystal as derived from magnetization measurements. The occurrence of a first-order magnetization process (FOMP) in a magnetic field applied perpendicularly to the easy magnetization direction provides a unique opportunity to determine the anisotropy parameters K1 and K2. To this end, the theoretical approach proposed previously for easy-plane magnets has been adapted for the case of easy-axis compounds exhibiting a FOMP. The obtained anisotropy parameters of GdCo4B are successfully compared with the values deduced by other classical techniques. The presence of a compensation point in the thermal dependence of the spontaneous magnetization has enabled the determination of the exchange field on Gd, Bex = 129 T, which is in good agreement with inelastic neutron scattering results published earlier. Influence of the applied pressure on the anisotropy parameters is quantified using the pressure dependence of the FOMP, revealing a significant sensitivity of the anisotropy parameters to pressure.


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