Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

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Formation of core-shell nanostructure through wrapping of cuprous oxide nanowires by hydrogen titanate nanotubes

Patra, S.; Das, P.; Rajbhar, M. K.; Facsko, S.; Möller, W.; Chatterjee, S.


Recent developments of heterojunction-based devices through bottom-up approach such as sensors, light-emitters, energy generation and storage have emerged with great interest due to their wide range of operation and application related flexibilities. This work demonstrates how as-grown hydrogen titanate nanotubes (HTNT) bend and wrap on pristine curpous oxide nanowires (CONW) when mixed together. The unique architecture of wrapping followed by junction formation enhances the active surface area and reduces the contact resistance between the adjacent CONW and HTNT. Such a film upon further ion beam irradiation produces a large-scale network of hetero- and homo-junctions. This newly formed thin film surface upon irradiation shows strong water repelling properties and higher electrical conductivity. The wrapping mechanism, bond formation and the change of conductivity are explained using first principles calculations. The ion beam modifications and large-scale joining are predicted by state-of-the-art TRI3DYN simulation, which is based on binary collision approximation and simulated in a Monte Carlo approach. The observed wrapping and heterojunction are expected to provide excellent mechanical strength and flexibility, which are suitable for fabrication of flexible electronic devices.

Keywords: Ceramic nanowires; Core-shell structure; Heterojunction; Ion-beam mixing; Self-wrapping; TRI3DYN

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