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Laser-magnetization of Fe60Al40 investigated by pump-probe reflectometry

Pflug, T.; Pablo-Navarro, J.; Olbrich, M.; Horn, A.; Bali, R.


Ultrashort pulsed laser irradiation enables the generation of ferromagnetism in initially non-ferromagnetic materials, such as B2-ordered Fe60Al40. The paramagnetic B2 phase, defined by atomic planes of pure Fe, separated by Al-rich planes is randomized due to irradiation leading to the formation of the disordered A2 Fe60Al40 being ferromagnetic. This phase transition has been reported to rely on melting and subsequent resolidification, estimated to occur within 5 ns. However, the physical dynamics during the B2-A2 transition have yet to be investigated. Here, we demonstrate the temporal evolution of the
transient reflectance of Fe60Al40 during the B2-A2 transition measured by pump-probe reflectometry. The reflectance increases abruptly 5 ps after excitation with pulsed laser radiation (800 nm, 40 fs, 0.2 J/cm2) which can be attributed to the disordering process. Ex situ observations (Kerr microscopy, HR-TEM, electron holography) confirm that the laser-irradiated areas possess a high magnetization and the A2 structure. Furthermore, materials whose phase transition does not necessarily rely on resolidification may lead to a further reduction in the time needed for generating ferromagnetism by laser irradiation.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    DPG-Frühjahrstagung der Sektion Materie und Kosmos (SMuK), 20.-24.03.2023, Dresden, Germany


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