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Size-dependent electrical characteristics of highly doped Germanium nanowires

Echresh, A.; Prucnal, S.; Georgiev, Y.; Rebohle, L.

Abstract

Germanium (Ge) is the most compatible material with silicon (Si)-based complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor processes. Ge has a higher electron and hole mobility compared to Si, leading to improved device performance. Moreover, Ge nanowires (GeNWs) are promising nanostructures for future nano- and optoelectronics due to their unique properties. In this work, ion beam implantation and flash lamp annealing (FLA) were used to dope phosphorous into the top Ge layer of Ge-on-insulator (GeOI) substrates, achieving a highly n-type doped semiconductor. Raman spectroscopy and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry were performed to characterize the crystallinity of the Ge layers after ion beam implantation and FLA. Subsequently, doped GeNWs were fabricated using electron beam lithography and inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching. Electrical characterization of the GeNWs was conducted using an innovative Hall bar configuration. The effect of nanowire width on transport parameters such as resistivity and carrier mobility was investigated. Moreover, a nickel germanide layer was made using Ni deposition, followed by FLA to create ohmic contacts on n-type GeNWs.

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-36364