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Skin-conformal magnetoreceptors for human-machine interaction

Makushko, P.; Oliveros Mata, E. S.; Canon Bermundez, G. S.; Hassan, M.; Laureti, S.; Rinaldi, C.; Fagiani, F.; Barucca, G.; Zabila, Y.; Faßbender, J.; Vladymyrskyi, I.; Albrecht, M.; Varvaro, G.; Xu, R.; Makarov, D.

Abstract

Artificial magnetoception, i.e., electronically expanding human perception to detect magnetic fields, is a new and yet unexplored route for interacting with our surroundings. This technology relies on thin, soft, and flexible magnetic field sensors, dubbed magnetosensitive electronic skins (e-skins) [1]. These devices enable reliable and obstacle insensitive proximity, orientation and motion tracking features [2, 3] as well as bimodal touchless-tactile interaction [4].
Although, basic interactive functionality has been demonstrated, the current on-skin magnetoreceptors are not yet employed as advanced spintronics-enabled switches and logic elements for skin compliant electronics. The major limitation remains primarily due to the use of in-plane magnetized layer stacks. The predominant in-plane sensitivity prevents these devices from becoming intuitive switches or logic elements for interactive flexible electronics, as the natural actuation axis of switches is out-of-plane.
Here, we will introduce current technologies towards realization of skin-conformal magnetoelectronics for touchless and tactile interactivity in virtual and augmented reality. The focus will be put on the fabrication of on-skin spin valve switches with out-of-plane sensitivity to magnetic fields [5]. The device is realized on a flexible foil relying on Co/Pd multilayers with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and synthetic antiferromagnet as a reference layer. Owing to the intrinsic tunability, these interactive elements can provide fundamental logic functionality represented by momentary and permanent (latching) switches and reliably discriminate the useful signals from the magnetic noise. The flexible device retain its performance upon bending down to 3.5 mm bending radii withstand more than 600 bending cycles.
We showcase the performance of our device as on-skin touchless human-machine interfaces, which allows interactivity with a virtual environment, based on external magnetic fields. We envision that this technology platform will pave the way towards magnetoreceptive human-machine interfaces or virtual- and augmented reality applications, which are intuitive to use, energy efficient, and insensitive to external magnetic disturbances.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    MMM 2022 Conference, 31.10.-04.11.2022, Minneapolis, USA

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-36368