Collaborations of the HZDR on the International Level
As an important member in several European research networks the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf contributes to international research projects like, for example, the Knowledge and Innovation Community EIT Raw Materials. The Center also maintains close contact with the ESRF in Grenoble, France, and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel.
At the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF(1) in Grenoble, France, energy research at the Institute of Resource Ecology(2) benefits from Europe’s most brilliant source of X-ray light. This Institute of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf operates the Rossendorf Beamline (ROBL)(3) at the ESRF, a radiochemical laboratory of particular relevance to research on the permanent disposal of nuclear waste.
Dedicated to molecular actinide sciences, ROBL's two experimental stations offer a variety of X-ray spectroscopic and diffraction tools for studies of fundamental 5f-element chemistry, nuclear waste management, and (mostly mining-related) environmental chemistry.
Beamtime is offered to inhouse and external users upon scientific merit of the submitted proposal, which is evaluated by review pannels of HZDR or ESRF.
The Weizmann-Helmholtz Laboratory for Laser Matter Interaction (WHELMI)(4), a new research laboratory designed to bridge basic research with applied research, was inaugurated in the Israeli city of Rehovot in 2017. This joint project between the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science(5) aims to develop high-performance lasers.
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)(6) commissioned an international consortium to develop a so-called Knowledge and Innovation Community (KIC) for the raw materials sector in 2014. Coordination thereof was assumed by the HZDR jointly with the Fraunhofer Association(7). EIT Raw Materials interconnects more than 100 European facilities from the resource sector and was outsourced in December of 2016, according to plan, as an autonomous organization. The objective here is to assure supply for European industry with urgently-needed raw materials and to improve training, research and innovation in this crucial field.
The EU is one of the world's major consumers of mineral and metalliferous raw materials of which the demand can be expected to rise considerably in the future. The EU project INFACT(8) (Innovative, Non-Invasive and Fully Acceptable Exploration Technologies) aims at contributing to raw materials security in the European Union by way of invigorating Europe as a destination for exploration.
Despite its rich history of mining and residual mineral wealth, current conditions within the EU present a number of social, political, legislative, cost, technical and physical challenges to raw material exploration. In order to enable discoveries, access to new physical places has to be facilitated and innovative methods have to be applied. The project partners envisage to change raw material exploration in a way that it becomes socially accepted, environmentally-friendly and technologically advanced. Also, the INFACT project will lead to re-assessing the mineral potential within Europe. The project started end of 2017 and is coordinated by the HZDR.
The four leading high magnetic field laboratories in Europe - the Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory at HZDR(9) and its collaboration partners in Nijmegen, Toulouse & Grenoble - have merged to form the European Magnetic Field Laboratory(10) with the objective of making first-class infrastructures in the sector of high magnetic fields available to scientists from all over the world. The project is included in the ESFRI list(11) (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).
The aim of the CALIPSOplus project(12) is to remove barriers for access to world-class accelerator-based light sources in Europe and in the Middle East. To this end more than 82,500 hours of transnational access are provided to these research infrastructures, and specific programs are in place to teach new users how to successfully use synchrotrons and FELs. Dissemination activities targeting industry are complemented by tailor-made support and access programs for this user group. In parallel the consortium is collaborating on constantly developing technology to keep the facilities at the cutting-edge.The project started in 2017 and is coordinated by the HZDR.
16 organizations representing 19 light sources facilities across Europe gathered to launch the LEAPS initiative(13) (League of European Accelerator-based Photon Sources) in November 2017. They signed an agreement to strengthen their collaboration, in the presence of Robert-Jan Smits, Director General for Research and Innovation (RTD)(14) at the European Commission, and Giorgio Rossi, Chair of the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI)(15).
Prof. Roland Sauerbrey, Scientific Director of the HZDR, said: "Our research center is delighted to be part of this major new initiative to strengthen the role of light sources in science across Europe. The free-electron lasers as well as the TELBE terahertz facility at our ELBE Center for High-Power Radiation Sources belong to the most advanced scientific facilities in the world, and their pioneering capabilities are helping to keep the HZDR at the forefront of scientific research and now our work will have even wider reach as part of LEAPS and CALIPSOplus.“
The European Association of National Research Facilities with open international access(16) (ERF) was initiated in 2007 to promote cooperation between individual European national large-scale research facilities funded by national sources but offering open access and serving every year over 20,000 academic and industrial users from Europe and all over the world. HZDR is one of its members.
ELI – Extreme Light Infrastructure
This is a network of 40 research facilities from thirteen European countries which have created the network ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure)(17), with the goal of investigating interactions between matter and laser light and developing applications. To this end, four state-of-the-art laboratories are to be erected by 2017 in Eastern Europe. The project is included in the ESFRI list(18) (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).
The EU project Ions4Set was launched on February 1, 2016. Coordinated by the HZDR, its ojective is to develop a single electron transistor (SET) that works at room temperature and is compatible with the established production process in the field of microelectronics. Contact person is Dr. Johannes von Borany(19) from the Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research(20).
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