Collaborations of the HZDR on the International Level
As an important member in several European research networks the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf contributes to international research projects like, for example, the Knowledge and Innovation Community EIT Raw Materials. The Center also maintains close contact with the ESRF in Grenoble, France, and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel.
At the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF in Grenoble, France, energy research at the Institute of Resource Ecology benefits from Europe’s most brilliant source of X-ray light. This Institute of the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf operates the Rossendorf Beamline (ROBL) at the ESRF, a radiochemical laboratory of particular relevance to research on the permanent disposal of nuclear waste.
Dedicated to molecular actinide sciences, ROBL's two experimental stations offer a variety of X-ray spectroscopic and diffraction tools for studies of fundamental 5f-element chemistry, nuclear waste management, and (mostly mining-related) environmental chemistry.
Beamtime is offered to inhouse and external users upon scientific merit of the submitted proposal, which is evaluated by review pannels of HZDR or ESRF.
At the European XFEL, the HZDR is operating – together with DESY – the Helmholtz International Beamline for Extreme Fields (HIBEF). This "extreme lab" will be a key addition to the High-Energy Density Science Instrument (HED) at European XFEL.
Geosciences, materials research, astrophysics, and plasma physics as well as structural biology and superfast chemical processes – the ultimate goal being to combine the European XFEL analytic tool with the most powerful magnetic fields currently available or experimental options of optical laser systems is to glean new insights into previously hidden processes within matter and materials. Prof. Thomas Cowan, director of the HZDR Institute of Radiation Physics, is head of the international user consortium.
The Weizmann-Helmholtz Laboratory for Laser Matter Interaction (WHELMI), a new research laboratory designed to bridge basic research with applied research, was inaugurated in the Israeli city of Rehovot in 2017. This joint project between the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science aims to develop high-performance lasers.
The four leading high magnetic field laboratories in Europe - the Dresden High Magnetic Field Laboratory at HZDR and its collaboration partners in Nijmegen, Toulouse & Grenoble - have merged to form the European Magnetic Field Laboratory with the objective of making first-class infrastructures in the sector of high magnetic fields available to scientists from all over the world. The project is included in the ESFRI list (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).
The aim of the CALIPSOplus project is to remove barriers for access to world-class accelerator-based light sources in Europe and in the Middle East. To this end more than 82,500 hours of transnational access are provided to these research infrastructures, and specific programs are in place to teach new users how to successfully use synchrotrons and FELs. Dissemination activities targeting industry are complemented by tailor-made support and access programs for this user group. In parallel the consortium is collaborating on constantly developing technology to keep the facilities at the cutting-edge.The project started in 2017 and is coordinated by the HZDR.
16 organizations representing 19 light sources facilities across Europe gathered to launch the LEAPS initiative (League of European Accelerator-based Photon Sources) in November 2017. They signed an agreement to strengthen their collaboration, in the presence of Robert-Jan Smits, Director General for Research and Innovation (RTD) at the European Commission, and Giorgio Rossi, Chair of the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI).
Prof. Roland Sauerbrey, Scientific Director of the HZDR, said: "Our research center is delighted to be part of this major new initiative to strengthen the role of light sources in science across Europe. The free-electron lasers as well as the TELBE terahertz facility at our ELBE Center for High-Power Radiation Sources belong to the most advanced scientific facilities in the world, and their pioneering capabilities are helping to keep the HZDR at the forefront of scientific research and now our work will have even wider reach as part of LEAPS and CALIPSOplus.“
The European Association of National Research Facilities with open international access (ERF) was initiated in 2007 to promote cooperation between individual European national large-scale research facilities funded by national sources but offering open access and serving every year over 20,000 academic and industrial users from Europe and all over the world. HZDR is one of its members.
ELI – Extreme Light Infrastructure
This is a network of 40 research facilities from thirteen European countries which have created the network ELI (Extreme Light Infrastructure), with the goal of investigating interactions between matter and laser light and developing applications. To this end, four state-of-the-art laboratories are to be erected in Eastern Europe. The project is included in the ESFRI list (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures).
The European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) commissioned an international consortium to develop a so-called Knowledge and Innovation Community (KIC) for the raw materials sector in 2014. Coordination thereof was assumed by the HZDR jointly with the Fraunhofer Association. EIT Raw Materials interconnects more than 100 European facilities from the resource sector and was outsourced in December of 2016, according to plan, as an autonomous organization. The objective here is to assure supply for European industry with urgently-needed raw materials and to improve training, research and innovation in this crucial field.
The beamline HESEB will be built as a Helmholtz-SESAME Beamline by the Helmholtz Centers DESY (Coordinator), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and the HZDR at the SESAME Synchrotron in Jordan. It will be the fifth beamline and will produce "soft" X-rays in the energy range between 70 eV and 1800 eV, which is suitable for investigating surfaces and interfaces observing certain chemical and electronic processes as well as for the non-destructive analysis of art objects.