Contact

Dr. Sven Eckert
Head Magnetohydrodynamics
s.eckertAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 2132, +49 351 260 3563
Fax: +49 351 260 12132, +49 351 260 2007

Aida Roch
Secretary Magnetohydrodynamics
a.rochAthzdr.de

Magnetohydrodynamik

Magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) is the research area focusing on the dynamics of electrically conducting liquids under the influence of electromagnetic fields. The research activities at HZDR cover a wide range from fundamental to applied research comprising activities in the fields of high-temperature energy conversion systems, new kinds of liquid metal batteries, the production of solar-grade silicon, CO2 free production of hydrogen, liquid metal targets in modern neutron or particle sources and transmutation systems, casting and solidification of steel and light metals, welding and soldering processes, to basic laboratory experiments with relevance to liquid metal cooled systems, materials processing as well as to geo- and astrophysics.


Foto: Scheme and computed magnetic eigenfield of the Riga dynamo ©Copyright: Dr. Frank Stefani

Geo/Astrophysics

Cosmic magnetic fields are generated by the hydromagnetic dynamo effect and play a crucial role in cosmic structure formation by means of the magnetorotational instability. Liquid metal experiments may help to understand those fundamental processes
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Foto: Lithium liquid metal electrode ©Copyright: ©Steffen Landgraf, Michael Nimtz

Energy Storage and Energy Con­version with Liquid Metals

Liquid metals offer a range of benefits when used for energy storage and energy con­version: cost-effective production, high cycle numbers and high scalability
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Foto: Model experiments for metallurgy and crystal growth processes ©Copyright: Dr. Sven Eckert

Model experiments for metallurgy and crystal growth processes

The optimization of processes in metallurgy or in the crystallization of semiconductor materials with regard to product quality and energy efficiency requires a profound understanding of the flow processes in the melts.
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Foto: Magneto-hydrodynamics: Steel Casting Using Magnetic Fields (Picture: AIFilm) ©Copyright: AI Films

Measurement techniques for liquid metals

The knowledge of velocity structures or of the gas distribution in liquid metals is of great interest in laboratory experiments as well as in industrial applications. The opaqueness of those fluids prevents the use of well established optical methods. Additionally, the corrosiveness and the high temperatures are challenges for measurement techniques.
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Foto: Grain refinement under the influence of a rotating magnetic field ©Copyright: Dr. Dirk Räbiger

Solidification of metal alloys

Convective transport plays an important role in solidification processes. The application of electromagnetic stirring in solidifying melts is attractive because there is an active influence on the microstructural characteristics and thus on the mechanical properties via a completely contactless control of the flow.
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Foto: Liquid metal multiphase flows ©Copyright: Dr. Sven Eckert

Liquid metal multiphase flows

Liquid metal two-phase flows are of particular importance for many processes in metallurgy and metal casting. For example, the secondary-metallurgical treatment of liquid steel relies on the injection of purge gas for improving the steel cleanliness. Objectives are the enhancement of mixing and homogenization and the se­paration of inclusions by flotation.
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recent ublirckations in efereed journals and books

Contact

Dr. Sven Eckert
Head Magnetohydrodynamics
s.eckertAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 2132, +49 351 260 3563
Fax: +49 351 260 12132, +49 351 260 2007

Aida Roch
Secretary Magnetohydrodynamics
a.rochAthzdr.de