Porträt Prof. Dr. Kvashnina, Kristina; FWOS

Prof. Dr. Kristina Kvashnina

Head of Department "Molecular Structures"
Responsible for the BM20 (ROBL) beamline at ESRF

Phone: +33 476 88 2367

Department of Molecular Structures

Molecular Structures


The Department of Molecular Structures conducts synchrotron-based research, offering a robust toolkit for scientists investigating materials containing actinides and lanthanides.

Experiments take place at the Rossendorf Beamline of The European Synchrotron (ESRF), in Grenoble (France) which is specifically dedicated to the actinide science and research on radioactive waste disposal. The beamline consists of four experimental stations -XAFS, XES, XRD-1, XRD-2:

  • XAFS station with fluorescence and transmission detection for X-ray Absorption Fine-Structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, including (conventional) X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) and Extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies
  • XES with a 5-crystal Johann-type spectrometer for high-energy-resolution fluorescence-detection X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (HERFD-XANES), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) measurements.
  • XRD-1 station with a heavy-duty, Eulerian cradle, 6-circle goniometer for (high-resolution) powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), surface-sensitive crystal truncation rod (CTR) and resonant anomalous X-ray reflectivity (RAXR) measurements
  • XRD-2 station with a Pilatus3 x2M detector stage for single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) and in situ/in-operando PXRD measurements.

Our research provides detailed insights into the structural and electronic properties of actinide and lanthanide-containing materials across various scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, environmental science, and geoscience. We study fundamental electron interactions, bonding properties, probing the local structures and oxidation states of complex systems. Data analysis is performed with the help of electronic structure calculations. 

EXAFS, HERFD-XANES, XES and RIXS is not restricted to crystalline solids, but can be applied to a wide range of samples, to derive information on e.g. aqueous speciation, complexation with dissolved inorganic ligands like chloride, sulfate or nitrate, complexation with organic ligands like acetate or humic acid, interaction with bacteria and plants, sorption to mineral and rock surfaces for actinides an other metals and metalloids. Due to the high penetration depth of the employed hard X-rays, the methods are suited to study chemical reactions in-situ/in-operando, for instance at very low or high temperatures, under special atmospheres, or under electrochemical potentials.


More about Rossendorf Beamline


Most team members are permanently at the ESRF in Grenoble (France).

Foto: Abteilung "Molekulare Strukturen" (Forschungsstandort Grenoble) ©Copyright: Prof. Dr. Kristina Kvashnina

"Moleculare Structure" department (Research site: Grenoble)

Source: Prof. Dr. Kvashnina, Kristina


NameBld./Office+49 351 260Email
Prof. Dr. Kristina KvashninaROBL/21.6.04+33 476 88 2367


NameBld./Office+49 351 260Email
Dr. Lucia AmidaniROBL/14.1.04+33 476 88 1982
Dr. Nils BaumannROBL/21.6.03+33 476 88 2849
Dr. Elena BazarkinaROBL/14.1.01+33 476 88 4578
Clara Lisa E SilvaROBL/14.1.04+33 476 88 2044
Jörg ExnerROBL/BM20+33 476 88 2372
Dr. Christoph HennigROBL/21.6.02a+33 476 88 2005
Dr. Damien PrieurROBL/21.6.03+33 476 88 2463
Dr. André Roßberg801/P3162758