Dr. Matthias Krause

Head Nanomaterials and Transport
Phone: +49 351 260 3578

Nanocomposite Materials


Our topical group is working on application-relevant and fundamental topics of thin film research. One focus consists in the development of solar-selective coatings for solar thermal power plants. These coatings have to demonstrate solar selectivity and high temperature stability. They might be applied in the next generation of solar power plants and hence, contribute to manage the energy transition. Another main activity in application-relevant research fields are dry-lubricant coatings, which are important in the context of sustainable energy and material use.

Basic research of our group is dedicated to scalable processes for the fabrication and structuring of 2D materials. Examples are metal-induced crystallization of carbon and nanostructure formation in thin carbon and silicon films. For our research we are using a cluster tool, which comprises a unique combination of in situ processing and analysis techniques.

Scheme Nanocomposite Materials

Research Topics

  • Solar selective coatings for the energy transition: design, in situ characterization & modification, and environmental testing
  • Analysis of tribological coatings for combustion engines, aerospace applications and cutting tools
  • In situ processing and analysis of thin films, 2D materials and nanocomposites
  • Ion-induced pattern formation during thin film growth


  • 2023, 28th July, Successful defense of the PhD thesis by Frank Lungwitz at TU Chemnitz, Thesis title is "Development of Tantalum-Doped Tin Oxide as New Solar Selective Material for Solar Thermal Power Plants"
  • 2023, 27th July, Visit of Prof. Escobar Galindo (University of Sevilla), Seminar talk entitled "Surface engineering solutions for additive manufactured materials"
  • 2022, 5th May, Successful defense of the PhD thesis entitled “Percolated Si:SiO2 Nanocomposite: Oven- vs. Laser-Induced Crystallization of SiOx Thin Films" by Erik Schumann at TU Chemnitz

Running Projects

2022-2023 China Scholarship Council, No. 202206260104, Kiya Zhang Ion-beam assisted deposition and post-deposition treatment of ordered bottom-up nanostructures
2020-2023 DFG, KR 2876/2-1 TRIGUS - Tribologisch induzierte Grenzflächen- und Strukturveränderungsprozesse in Trockenschmiersystemen unter definierten Atmosphären 

Completed Projects

2016-2020 Helmholtz Energy Materials Foundry (HEMF) “Structure formation and analysis of absorber coatings for solar thermal electricity generation“
2015-2018 H2020 RISE EU project "Framework of Innovation for Engineering of New Durable Solar Surfaces (FRIENDS2)"
2014-2017 BMBF-Project 05K13OD1, Verbundprojekt 05K2013 - Teilprojekt 2 „Development and setup of an in situ tribology, RBS and Raman experiment - modification and analysis of tribological coatings
2013-2015 R&D Agreement, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and Abengoa Research S.L., Seville, Spain "In situ Ellipsometry and Emissivity Measurements of Solar Selective Coatings at Elevated Temperatures
2012-2016 Framework Collaboration Agreement between the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and Abengoa Research S.L., Seville, Spain Development of common research activities for Concentrated Solar Power

Selected publications (since 2019)

  • R. Escobar-Galindo, I. Heras, E. Guillén, F. Lungwitz, G. Rincon-Llorente, F. Munnik, I. Azkona, M. Krause,
    Exceptional high-temperature in-air stable solar absorber coatings based on aluminium titanium oxynitride nanocomposites,
    Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 271, 112865 (2024), DOI: 10.1016/j.solmat.2024.112865
  • M. Krause, M. Hoppe, C. Romero-Muniz, A. Mendez, F. Munnik, A. Garcia-Valenzuela, C. Schimpf, D. Rafaja, R.Escobar-Galindo,
    Exceptionally high-temperature in-air stability of transparent conductive oxide tantalum-doped tin dioxide,
    J. Mat. Chem. A, 11, 17686 (2023), DOI: 10.1039/d3ta00998j
  • D. Cavaleiro, F. Munnik, M. Krause, E. Carbo, P.J. Ferreira, A. Cavaleiro, F. Fernandes,
    The role of interfaces and morphology on silver diffusion in hard coatings,
    Surface and Interfaces 41, 103182 (2023)
  • K. Niranjan, M. Krause, F. Lungwitz, F. Munnik, R. Hübner, S.P. Pemmasani, R. Escobar-Galindo, H.C. Barshilia,
    WAlSiN-based solar-selective coating stability-study under heating and cooling cycles in vacuum up to 800 °C using in situ Rutherford backscattering spectrometry and spectroscopic ellipsometry,
    Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 255, 112305 (2023)
  • F. Härtwig, L. Lorenz, S. Makowski, M. Krause, C. Habenicht, A.F. Lasagni,
    Low-Friction of ta-C Coatings Paired with Brass and Other Materials under Vacuum and Atmospheric Conditions,
    Materials 15, 2534 (2022)
  • R. Escobar-Galindo, M. Krause, K. Niranjan, H. Barshilia,
    Solar selective coatings and materials for high-temperature solar thermal applications,
    in Sustainable Material Solutions for Solar Energy Technologies, Elsevier, 2021, ISBN 9780128215920
  • M. Krause, J. Sonnenberg, F. Munnik, J. Grenzer, R. Hübner, A. Garcia-Valenzuela, S. Gemming,
    Formation, structure, and optical properties of copper chromite thin films for high-temperature solar absorbers,
    Materialia 18, 101156 (2021)
  • E. Guillén, M. Krause, I. Heras, G. Rincon-Llorente, R. Escobar-Galindo,
    Tailoring Crystalline Structure of Titanium Oxide Films for Optical Applications Using Non-Biased Filtered Cathodic Vacuum Arc Deposition at Room Temperature,
    Coatings 11, 233 (2021)
  • D. Janke, F. Munnik, J. Julin, R. Hübner, J. Grenzer, C. Wüstefeld, S. Gemming, D. Rafaja, M. Krause,
    Directionality of metal-induced crystallization and layer exchange in amorphous carbon/ nickel thin film stacks,
    Carbon 159, 656 – 667 (2020)
  • F. Lungwitz, R. Escobar-Galindo, D. Janke, E. Schumann, R. Wenisch, S. Gemming, M. Krause,
    Transparent conductive tantalum doped tin oxide as selectively solar-transmitting coating for high temperature solar thermal applications
    Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 196, 84-93 (2019)