Dynamics of Spin Textures

From: FWI Annual Report 2011
Illustration: Katrin Kerbusch

Nanoscale spin textures are the building blocks for present magnetic data storage devices, in particular hard disk drives. However, future memory and logic applications need to match the demand for an increasing data density, read/write performance, and energy efficiency. For the technological development, it is crucial to gain knowledge on the physics governing the magnetization dynamics of nanoscale spin textures. We investigate such dynamics by direct imaging with x-ray microscopy; a technique that achieves a combined resolution of approximately 10 nanometers and 10 picoseconds in space and time, respectively.


Research Topics

  • Dynamics of ferromagnetic spin textures
  • Spinvortices in ferromagnetic multilayers
  • Interaction of spin waves and spin textures


Spin Waves Revealed with X-Ray-Vision
APS Physics Synopsis 16.12.2019

Let's not make big waves
HZDR / MPI-IS press release 27.03.2019

A new spin for nanoelectronics
HZDR press release 25.02.2019

The short wave
HZB Highlight Report 2016 (p. 38)

Nanomagnetism in x-ray light
MPI-IS press release 23.03.2017

A mini-antenna for the data processing of tomorrow
HZDR press release 19.07.2016

Ion beams pave way to new kinds of valves for use in spintronics
HZDR press release 17.02.2014

Magnetic Vortex Antennas for Wireless Data Transmission
HZDR press release 06.05.2013


Jörg Raabe (PSI Villigen, Switzerland)

Markus Weigand (HZB Berlin)

Gisela Schütz (MPI-IS Stuttgart)

Andrei Slavin (Oakland University, USA)

Pedro Landeros (UTFSM Valparaíso, Chile)



  • "Experimental observation of curvature-induced asymmetric spin-wave dispersion"
    L. Körber, M. Zimmermann, S. Wintz, S. Finizio, M. Weigand, J. Raabe, J. A. Otalora, H. Schultheiss, J. Lindner, C.H. Back, A. Kakay


  • "Optically Inspired Nanomagnonics with Nonreciprocal Spin Waves in Synthetic Antiferromagnets"
    E. Albisetti, S. Tacchi, R. Silvani, G. Scaramuzzi, S. Finizio, S. Wintz, C. Rinaldi, M. Contoni, J. Raabe, G. Carlotti, R. Bertacco, E. Riedo, D. Petti
    Adv. Mater. 32, 1906439 (2020).

  • "Current-induced dynamical tilting of chiral domain walls in curved microwires"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, S. Mayr, A. J. Huxtable, M. Langer, J. Bailey, G. Burnell, C. H. Marrows, J. Raabe
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 116, 182404 (2020).

  • "Anisotropy-induced spin reorientation in chemically modulated amorphous ferrimagnetic films"
    E. Kirk, C. Bull, S. Finizio, H. Sepehri-Amin, S. Wintz, A. K. Suszka, N. S. Bingham, P. Warnicke, K. Hono, P. W. Nutter, J. Raabe, G. Hrkac, T. Thomson, L. J. Heyderman
    Phys. Rev. Mater. 4, 074403 (2020).

  • "Coupling of Lamb Waves and Spin Waves in Multiferroic Heterostructures"
    S. Tiwari, J. D. Schneider, S. Wintz, S. S. P. K. Arekapudi, K. Lenz, A. Chavez, J. Lindner, O. Hellwig, G. P. Carman, R. N. Candler
    J. Microelectromech. Syst. 29, 1121 (2020).

  • "Time-resolved visualization of the magnetization canting induced by field-like spin-orbit torques"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, S. Mayr, A. J. Huxtable, M. Langer, G. Burnell, C. H. Marrows, J. Raabe
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 117, 212404 (2020).

  • "Direct Imaging of High Frequency Multimode Spin Wave Propagation in CoFe Waveguides using X-Ray Microscopy beyond 10 GHz"
    N. Träger, P. Gruszecki, F. Lisiecki, J. Förster, M. Weigand, S. Wintz, H. Stoll, H. Glowinski, P. Kuswik, M. Krawczyk, J. Gräfe
    Phys. Status Solidi-R 29, 1121 (2020).

  • "Reconfigurable sub-µm spin-wave majority gate with electrical transducers"
    G. Talmelli, T. Devolder, N. Träger, J. Förster, S. Wintz, M. Weigand, H. Stoll, M. Heyns, G. Schütz, I. P. Radu, J. Gräfe, F. Ciubotaru, C. Adelmann
    Sci. Adv. 6, eabb4042 (2020).


  • "Emission and propagation of 1D and 2D spin waves with nanoscale wavelengths in anisotropic spin textures"
    V. Sluka, T. Schneider, R. A. Gallardo, A. Kakay, M. Weigand, T. Warnatz, R. Mattheis, A. Roldan-Molina, P. Landeros, V. Tiberkevich, A. Slavin, G. Schütz, A. Erbe, A. Deac, J. Lindner, J. Raabe, J. Fassbender, S. Wintz 
    Nature Nanotech. 14, 328 (2019).

  • "Coherent excitation of heterosymmetric spin waves with ultrashort wavelengths"
    G. Dieterle, J. Förster, H. Stoll, A. S. Semisalova, S. Finizio, A. Gangwar, M. Weigand, M. Noske, M. Fähnle, I. Bykova, J. Gräfe, D. A. Bozhko, H. Yu. Musiienko-Shmarova, V. Tiberkevich, A. N. Slavin, C. H. Back, J. Raabe, G. Schütz, S. Wintz 

    Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 117202 (2019).

  • "Direct observation of coherent magnons with suboptical wavelengths in a single-crystalline ferrimagnetic insulator"
    J. Förster, J. Gräfe, J. Bailey, S. Finizio, N. Träger, F. Groß, S. Mayr, H. Stoll, C. Dubs, O. Surzhenko, N. Liebing, G. Woltersdorf, J. Raabe, M. Weigand, G. Schütz, S. Wintz
    Phys. Rev. B 100, 214416 (2019).
  • "High resolution dynamic imaging of the delay- and tilt-free motion of Néel domain walls in perpendicularly magnetized superlattices"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, K. Zeissler, A. V. Sadovnikov, S. Mayr, S. A. Nikitov, C. H. Marrows, J. Raabe
    Nano Lett. 19, 375 (2019).

  • "Nanoscale X-Ray Imaging of Spin Dynamics in Yttrium Iron Garnet"
    J. Förster, S. Wintz, J. Bailey, S. Finizio, E. Josten, C. Dubs, D. A. Bozhko, H. Stoll, G. Dieterle, N. Träger, J. Raabe, A. N. Slavin, M. Weigand, J. Gräfe, G. Schütz
    J. Appl. Phys. 126, 173909 (2019).
  • "Deterministic field-free skyrmion nucleation at a nano-engineered injector device"
    S. Finizio, K. Zeissler, S. Wintz, S. Mayr, T. Weßels, A. J. Huxtable, G. Burnell, C. H. Marrows, J. Raabe
    Nano Lett. 19, 7246 (2019).

  • "Formation of Néel Type Skyrmions in an Antidot Lattice with Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy"
    S. Saha, M. Zelent, S. Finizio, M. Mruczkiewicz, S. Tacchi, A. K. Suszka, S. Wintz, N. S. Bingham, J. Raabe, M. Krawczyk, L. J. Heyderman
    Phys. Rev. B 100, 144435 (2019).
  • "Extracting the Dynamic Magnetic Contrast in Time-Resolved X-ray Transmission Microscopy"
    T. Schaffers, T. Feggeler, S. Pile, R. Meckenstock, M. Buchner, D. Spoddig, V. Ney, M. Farle, H. Wende, S. Wintz, M. Weigand, H. Ohldag, K. Ollefs, A. Ney
    Nanomaterials 9, 940 (2019).


  • "Observation of the out–of–plane magnetization in a mesoscopic ferromagnetic structure superjacent to a superconductor"
    A. K. Suszka, S. Gliga, P. Warnicke, S. Wintz, S. Saha, K. M. Charipar, H. Kim, P. Wohlhüter, E. Kirk, S. Finizio, J. Raabe, J. D. S. Witt, L. J. Heyderman, N. S. Bingham
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 113, 162601 (2018).

  • "Nanoscale spin-wave circuits based on engineered reconfigurable spin-textures"
    E. Albisetti, D. Petti, G. Sala, R. Silvani, S. Tacchi, S. Finizio, S. Wintz, A. Caló, X. Zheng, J. Raabe, E. Riedo, R. Bertacco

    Comms. Phys. 1, 56 (2018).

  • "Thick Permalloy films for the imaging of spin texture dynamics in perpendicularly magnetized systems"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, D. Bracher, E. Kirk, A. S. Semisalova, J. Förster, K. Zeissler, T. Weßels, M. Weigand, K. Lenz, A. Kleibert, J. Raabe
    Phys. Rev. B 98, 104415 (2018).

  • "Unexpected field-induced dynamics in magnetostrictive microstructured elements under isotropic strain"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, S. Gliga, E. Kirk, A. K. Suszka, P. Wohlhüter, K. Zeissler, J. Raabe

    J. Phys.: Cond. Mater. 30, 314001 (2018).

  • "Origin and Manipulation of Stable Vortex Ground States in Permalloy Nanotubes"
    M. Zimmermann, T. N. G. Meier, F. Dirnberger, A. Kákay, M. Decker, S. Wintz, S. Finizio, E. Josten, J. Raabe, M. Kronseder, D. Bougeard, J. Lindner, C. H. Back
    Nano Lett. 18, 2828 (2018).

  • "Laser-rewritable ferromagnetism at thin film surfaces"
    J. Ehrler, M. He, M. V. Shugaev, N. I. Polushkin, S. Wintz, V. Liersch, S. Cornelius, R. Hübner, K. Potzger, J. Lindner, J. Fassbender, A. A. Ünal, S. Valencia, F. Kronast, L. V. Zhigilei, R. Bali
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 15232 (2018).

  • "Tunable geometrical frustration in magnonic vortex crystals"
    C. Behncke, C. F. Adolff, S. Wintz, M. Hänze, B. Schulte, M. Weigand, S. Finizio, J. Raabe, G. Meier
    Sci. Rep. 8, 186 (2018).


  • "Spatially and time-resolved magnetization dynamics driven by spin–orbit torques"
    M. Baumgartner, K. Garello, J. Mendil, C. O. Avci, E. Grimaldi, C. Murer, J. Feng, M. Gabureac, C. Stamm, Y. Acremann, S. Finizio, S. Wintz, J. Raabe, P. Gambardella
    Nature Nanotech. 12, 980 (2017).

  • "Control of the gyration dynamics of magnetic vortices by the magnetoelastic effect"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, E. Kirk, A. K. Suszka, S. Gliga, P. Wohlhüter, K. Zeissler, J. Raabe
    Phys. Rev. B 96, 054438 (2017).


  • "Magnetic Vortex Cores as Tunable Spin-Wave Emitters"
    S. Wintz, V. Tiberkevich, M. Weigand, J. Raabe, J. Lindner, A. Erbe, A. Slavin, J. Fassbender
    Nature Nanotech. 11, 948 (2016).

  • "In-situ membrane bending setup for strain-dependent scanning transmission x-ray microscopy investigations"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, E. Kirk, J. Raabe
    Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87, 123703 (2016).


  • "Direct Depth- and Lateral- Imaging of Nanoscale Magnets Generated by Ion Impact" 
    F. Röder, G. Hlawacek, S. Wintz, R. Hübner, L. Bischoff, H. Lichte, K. Potzger, J. Lindner, J. Fassbender, R. Bali 
    Sci. Rep. 5, 16786 (2015).


  • "Magnetization Reversal of Disorder-Induced Ferromagnetic Regions in Fe60Al40 Thin Films"
    N. Tahir, R. Gieniusz, A. Maziewski, R. Bali, M. P. Kostylev, S. Wintz, H. Schultheiss, S. Facsko, K. Potzger, J. Lindner, J. Fassbender
    IEEE Trans. Magn. 50, 6101304 (2014).

  • “Exploiting Disorder Induced Ferromagnetism for Printing Discrete Magnetic Patterns in Thin Films”
    R. Bali, S. Wintz, F. Meutzner, R. Huebner, R. Boucher, A. K. Ünal, S. Valencia, A. Neudert, K. Potzger, J. Bauch, F. Kronast, S. Facsko, J. Lindner, J. Fassbender 
    Nano Lett. 14, 435 (2014).

  • “Ion induced compositionally modulated ripples during composite film growth: three-dimensional pattern formation at the nanoscale”
    M. Krause, M. Buljan, A. Mücklich, W. Möller, M. Fritzsche, S. Facsko, R. Heller, M. Zschornack, S. Wintz, J. L. Endrino, C. Baehtz, A. Shalimov, S. Gemming, G. Abrasonis
    Phys. Rev. B 89, 085418 (2014).


  • "Lateral spin transfer torque induced magnetic switching at room temperature demonstrated by x-ray microscopy"
    M. Buhl, A. Erbe, J. Grebing, S. Wintz, J. Raabe, J. Fassbender
    Sci. Rep. 3, 2945 (2013).

  • "Topology and origin of effective spin meron pairs in ferromagnetic multilayer elements"
    S. Wintz, C. Bunce, A. Neudert, M. Körner, T. Strache, M. Buhl, A. Erbe, S. Gemming, J. Raabe, C. Quitmann, J. Fassbender
    Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 177201 (2013)

  • "Tuning of the nucleation field in nanowires with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy"
    J. Kimling, T. Gerhardt, A. Kobs, A. Vogel, S. Wintz, M.-Y. Im, P. Fischer, H. P. Oepen, U. Merkt, G. Meier 
    J. Appl. Phys. 113, 163902 (2013).


  • "Interlayer coupled spin vortex pairs and their response to external magnetic fields"
    S. Wintz, C. Bunce, A. Banholzer, M. Körner, T. Strache, R. Mattheis, J. Raabe, C. Quitmann, J. Mccord, A. Erbe, J. Fassbender
    Phys. Rev. B 85, 224420 (2012).

  • "Control of vortex pair states by post-deposition interlayer exchange coupling modification"
    S. Wintz, T. Strache, M. Körner, C. Bunce, A. Banholzer, I. Mönch, R. Mattheis, J. Raabe, C. Quitmann, J. Mccord, A. Erbe, K. Lenz, J. Fassbender
    Phys. Rev. B 85, 134417 (2012).

  • “Tilting of carbon encapsulated nickel nanocolumns by ion beam assisted deposition“ 
    M. Krause, A. Mücklich, T. W. H. Oates, M. Zschornak, S. Wintz, J. L. Endrino, C. Baehtz, A. Shalimov, S. Gemming, G. Abrasonis 
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 053112 (2012).

  • “Environment Controlled De-wetting of Rh-Pd Bilayers: a Route for Core-Shell Nanostructure Synthesis“ 
    G. Abrasonis, S. Wintz, M. O. Liedke, F. Aksoy, M. Krause, D. Banerjee, Z. Liu, S. Gemming 
    J. Phys. Chem. C 116, 14401 (2012).



  • "Domain-wall pinning and depinning at soft sports in magnetic nanowires"
    A. Vogel, S. Wintz, J. Moser, M. Bolte, T. Strache, M. Fritzsche, M.Y. Im, P. Fischer, G. Meier, J. Fassbender
    IEEE Trans. Magn. 46, 1708 (2010).


  • "Magnetization dynamics of Landau structures: tuning the response of mesoscopic objects using defects"
    K. Kuepper, S. Wintz, J. Raabe, M. Buess, Ch. Akhmadaliev, L. Bischoff, C. Quitmann, J. Fassbender
    J. Phys.: Cond. Mater 21, 436003 (2009).

  • "Introducing artificial length scales to tailor magnetic properties"
    J. Fassbender, T. Strache, M. O. Liedke, D. Marko, S. Wintz, K. Lenz, A. Keller, S. Facsko, I. Mönch, and J. Mccord

    New J. Phys. 11, 125002 (2009).

Book chapters


  • "Spin textures patterned via thermally assisted magnetic scanning probe lithography for magnonics"
    D. Petti, E. Albisetti, G. Sala, R. Silvani, M. Madami, S. Tacchi, S. Finizio, S. Wintz, A. Calo, X. Zheng, J. Raabe, S. Riedo, R. Bertacco
    Proc. SPIE 10732, 107321Q-1 (2018).

  • "Status of the PolLux STXM Beamline"
    B. Watts, S. Finizio, K. Witte, M. Langer, S. Mayr, S. Wintz, B. Sarafimov, J. Raabe
    Microsc. Microanal. 24, 476 (2018).

  • "Sub-100ps Magnetic Imaging at the PolLux Endstation of the Swiss Light Source"
    S. Finizio, S. Wintz, B. Watts, J. Raabe
    Microsc. Microanal. 24, 452 (2018).

  • "Tailoring magnetic nanostructures with neon in the ion microscope"
    G. Hlawacek, R. Bali, F. Röder, Y. Aleksandrov, A. Semisalova, S. Wintz, K. Wagener, H. Schultheiss, S. Facsko, J. Fassbender
    Microsc. Microanal. 22, 1716 (2016).

  • "Stacked topological spin textures as emitters for multidimensional spin wave modes"
    V. Sluka, M. Weigand, A. Kakay, A. Erbe, V. Tiberkevich, A. Slavin, A. Deac, J. Lindner, J. Fassbender, J. Raabe, S. Wintz
    2015 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG), Beijing 11-15 May 2015 (2015).

  • "Photon Counting System for Time-resolved Experiments in Multibunch Mode"
    A. Puzic, T. Korhonen, B. Kalantari, J. Raabe, C. Quitmann, P. Jüllig, L. Bommer, D. Goll, G. Schütz, S. Wintz, T. Strache, M. Körner, D. Marko, C. Bunce, J. Fassbender
    Synchrotron Radiation News 23, 26 (2010).