Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

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32463 Publications
Institute of Radiochemistry; Annual Report 1992
Bernhard, G.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-15

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-115
Publ.-Id: 115


Institute of Safety Research; Annual Report 1992
Weiß, F.-P.; Böhmert, J.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-25

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-113
Publ.-Id: 113


Electrical and optical properties of Co alloyed ß-FeSi2 formed by ion beam synthesis
Panknin, D.; Henrion, W.; Wieser, E.; Voelskow, M.; Skorupa, W.; Vöhse, H.;
  • Contribution to proceedings
    MRS Fall Meeting 1993, Boston

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-110
Publ.-Id: 110


Ion Beam Induced Epitaxial Crystallization of Single Crystalline 6H-SiC
Heera, V.; Kögler, R.; Skorupa, W.; Glaser, E.;
  • Contribution to proceedings
    MRS Fall Meeting 1993, Boston

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-109
Publ.-Id: 109


Untersuchungen zur Windenergienutzung in Sachsen
Hirsch, W.; Lischke, R.; Matthäi, J.; Rindelhardt, U.;
Im Rahmen eines umfangreichen Programmes wurden Untersuchungen zur Anwendbarkeit der Windatlas-Methode (WASP) zur Ermittlung des Windenergiepotentials in Sachsen durchgeführt. Das Ziel der Untersuchungen bestand darin, die erwarteten Grenzen bei der Nutzung von WASP in orografisch gegliedertem Gelände genauer zu ermitteln. Grundlage der Berechnungen waren Messungen von vier Stationen des sächsischen Windmeßprogrammes. Es konnte gezeigt werden, daß in großen Gebieten der Oberlausitz die Windatlas-Methode genutzt werden kann. In den Kammregionen des Erzgebirges wurden widersprüchliche Ergebnisse gefunden, so daß eine Nutzung hier praktisch nur in sehr kleinen Repräsentationsgebieten in der Umgebung einer Meßstation möglich ist.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Kongreß "TERRATEC" 9.-12.3.1994, Leipzig, Tagungsband S. 144
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Kongreß "TERRATEC" 9.-12.3.1994, Leipzig, Tagungsband S. 144

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-108
Publ.-Id: 108


ION-BEAM ANALYSIS INVESTIGATIONS ON MULTILAYER DEVICES FOR VISIBLE OPTICS
Wagner, W.; Rauch, F.; Jescakowski, U.; Bawge, K.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    TATF 1994 PROCEEDINGS

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-107
Publ.-Id: 107


Formation of CoSi2 wires by maskless implantation with the focused ion beam
Teichert, J.; Bischoff, L.; Hesse, E.; Panknin, D.; Skorupa, W.;
The maskless ion implatation with the focused ion beam as as a new method for ion beam synthesis of cobalt silicide wires is presented. In order to perform the implantation a special achromatic mass seperator was implemented into the ion column, liquid alloy ion sources for cobalt ions were 30 keV Co+ and 60 keV Co++ ions. The dose dependence for room temperature implantation and the influence of the substrate temperature were investigated.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    und Proceedings MRS Fall Meeting, Boston, 29.11.-3.12.1993
  • Materials Research Society, Symposium Proceedings; Materials Synthesis and Processing Using Ion Beams; Vol. 316 (1994) pp. 741-746
  • Materials Research Society, Symposium Proceedings; Silicides, Germanides, and Their Interfaces; Vol. 320 (1994) pp. 153-158

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-106
Publ.-Id: 106


Two-phase flow behaviour during a medium size cold leg test on PMK-II (SPE-4)
Prasser, H.-M.; Zippe, W.; Baldauf, D.; Szabados, L.; Ézsöl, G.; Baranyai, G.; Nagy, I.;
The Hungarian integral test rig PMK of the KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute was used as a source of experimental data for the IAEA Standard Problem Exercise SPE-4, a Medium size cold leg Loca with a secondary Bleed-and-feed procedure. The needle shaped conductivity probes developed by the Research Center Rossendorf have been applied in order to obtain information about the void fraction and the structure of the two-phase flow. The primary circuit of the PMK-II test facility was practically fully equipped with probes (with exception of the core simulator and the downcomer). An overview of the signals of all probes and the general chronology of characteristic events are discussed. As a main result the mechanism of the hot leg loop-seal clearing was clarified in detail.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994, Stuttgart, 17.-19.5.1994
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994, 17.-19. Mai 1994, Stuttgart, Tagungsbericht, ISSN 0720-9207, S. 77-80

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-105
Publ.-Id: 105


Bestimmung der Neutronenflüsse in der drehbaren Bestrahlungseinrichtung im BER-II des HMI Berlin
Stephan, I.; Gawlik, D.; Gatschke, W.; Matthes, M.;
Zur Aktualisierung der Neutronenparameter in der drehbaren Bestrahlungseinrichtung des rekonstruierten BER-II wurde der im Forschungszentrum Rossendorf entwickelte Mehrkomponentenaktivierungsdetektor eingesetzt.
Durch das umfangreiche Datenmaterial sind axiale und radiale Neutronenflußverläufe bestimmt und es gelingt ein eindeutiger Bezug von Meßwert zur Bestrahlungsprobe.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-33
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994, Stuttgart, p. 519

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-104
Publ.-Id: 104


Komponentenschwingungen an WWER-Reaktoren "Diagnose und Modellierung"
Altstadt, E.; Scheffler, M.; Schumann, P.; Weiß, F.-P.; Liewers, P.;
Seit Anfang der 70er Jahre sind an WWER-440-Reaktoren mehrfach anomale Schwingungen von Einbauten des RDB beobachtet worden, die teilweise zu Komponentenschäden führten.
Daher wurden speziell für den WWER-Typ zugeschnittene Diagnoseverfahren entwickelt, die auf der Korrelationsanalyse von Schwankungsanteilen des Neutronenflusses (incore und excore) und von nichtnuklearen Signalen wie Körperschall, Druckfluktuation und Beschleunigungen beruhen.
Um eine wirklich sensitive Fehlerfrüherkennung zu erreichen, wird ein theoretisches Schwingungsmodell auf der Basis Finiter Elemente (FE) entwickelt. Dieses Modell gestattet die Interpretation von gemessenen Schwingungssignalen in dem Sinne, daß die gemessenen Resonanzpeaks den Eigenschwingungen des gekoppelten mechanischen Systems zugeordnet werden können.
Darüber hinaus werden Sensitivitätsstudien durchgeführt, die die Veränderungen des Schwingungsverhaltens bei mechanischen Komponentenschäden verdeutlichen.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-103
Publ.-Id: 103


Analytical and Experimental Investigations for Modelling the Fluid-Structure-Interaction in Annular Gaps
Grunwald, G.; Altstadt, E.;
Modelling the mechanical vibrations of pressurized water reactor internals the fluid-structure-interaction is to be taken into account. Especially at VVER-440 reactors there is a strong influence of the fluid due to the specific geometry. The intention of the presentation is to provide a solution of the continuity and the Navier-Stokes equations for the special case of a narrow annular gap geometry considering the fluid friction.
To obtain an analytical solution for these coupled 3D partial differential equations further assumptions and simplifications must be made:
- the width of the annular gap is small compared with the diameter,
- displacements of the mechanical structure are small compared with the gap width
- the fluid flow velocity components are independent on the radius.
Keeping these assumptions in mind one can reduce the dimension of the continuity equation from 3D to 2D by averaging over the gap width.
Two elementary types of motion of the cylinder are considered: parallel displacement and pendular motion. By superimposing these elementary types even more general motions can be described.
In practice the application could be meaningful for core barrel motion at LWRs in general and for flow induced vibrations of control elements at VVER-440 reactors.
The analytical results are compared with experimental ones from a cylindrical pendulum setup. The criteria of comparison are the eigenfrequency and the damping of the pendulum in the static and flowing fluid. There is a good agreement between analytical and experimental results. Especially the strong influence of the chosen boundary condition upon the pressure equations can be shown.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994
  • Other report
    Arbeitsbericht: FWSM - 1/1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-102
Publ.-Id: 102


Rechnungen zum Naturumlaufexperiment ISP-33 an der Anlage Pactel mit dem Code ATHLET
Krepper, E.;
Due to the low geodetic height differences and the presence of loop seals in VVER-reactors, the behaviour of natural circulation is an important safety feature. The experiment to the OECD/NEA/CSNI International Standard Problem No. 33 was dedicated to the investigation of this phenomenon. During the test, defined quantities of primary coolant waere drained, while the facility was operated at 10% of nominal power and without pumps. The test was stopped with increasing temperatures of the fuel rod simulator.
In RC Rossendorf pre- and posttest calculations were performed by the code ATHLET, which was developed by the "Gesellschaft für Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit".
The main events of the experiment could be predicted, shown and explained by the ATHLET calculations:
- After draining of about 20% of the primary inventory, the mass flow in the loops stagnates. Simultaneously, the primary pressure increases and the pressurizer is partly refilled.
- In later periods the mass flow through the three loops is nonequally distributed, which could be reproduced by the ATHLET calculations at least qualitatively.
  • Contribution to proceedings
    und Vortrag: Jahrestagung Kerntechnik Stuttgart 1994, Proceedings pp. 93-96

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-101
Publ.-Id: 101


Natural Circulation Instabilities During a Loca of VVER-Type Reactors
Krepper, E.; Rohde, U.;
In the Research Centre Rossendorf pre- and posttest calculations to the OECD/NEA/CSNI International Standard Problem No. 33 were carried out with the GRS code ATHLET. This Problem was a natural circulation experiment with stepwise reduced primary coolant inventory. In the ATHLET calculations after a drainage of about 50% of the primary inventory cyclic oscillations of the mass flows and the void fractions were observed. These are found in the experimental results also. A simple analytical model was developed to distinguish physically caused oscillations from numerically caused ones. The oscillations observed could be interpreted as density wave instability in the local recirculation loop core- bypass.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    und Proceedings: International Conference New Trends in Nuclear System Thermohydraulics, Pisa, 30.5.-2.6.1994, pp. 793 - 797

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-100
Publ.-Id: 100


3-Dimensional Analysis of a Baron Dilution Accident by Using the Code DYN3D/M2
Grundmann, U.; Rohde, U.;
An incorrect startup of a pump in an isolated loop containing a plug of diluted absorber can initiate a reactivity accident in a VVER-440. It is assumed that the main gate valve is opened after starting the main coolant pump. When the plug enters the core, it gives rise to a positive reactivity. An asymmetric distribution of diluted water in the core is expected which requires a 3-dimensional analysis for a more correct description of this accident.
The code DYN3D/M2 developed for investigations of reactivity initiated accidents in thermal reactors with hexagonal fuel elements is used for analysis. A model describing the mixing of water from the different loops in the lower plenum of a VVER-440 reactor gives the boron concentration at the inlet of each fuel element. The two limiting cases, ideal mixing and no mixing, are investigated for comparisons.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-99
Publ.-Id: 99


Bestrahlungsexperimente im Rheinsberger WWER-2-Reaktor zum Nachweis der neutroneninduzierten Versprödungssuszeptibilität von russischen Druckbehälterstählen
Böhmert, J.; Viehrig, H.-W.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-98
Publ.-Id: 98


Rotationsbanden mit geneigter Spinorientierung in geraden Xe- und Ba-Kernen
Dönau, F.; Frauendorf, S.; Vogel, O.; Gelberg, A.; von Brentano, P.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    Verhandlungen der DPG (VI) 29 (1994) s. 1941

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-94
Publ.-Id: 94


Vibrations versus collisions and the iterative structure of two-body dynamics
Pfitzner, A.; Cassing, W.; Peter, A.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-26
  • Nuclear Physics A 577 (1994) pp. 753

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-92
Publ.-Id: 92


Neutron Fluence Calculations and Spectrum Adjustments for the Rheinsberg Pressure Vessel Steel Irradiation Program
Barz, H.-U.; Böhmer, B.; Konheiser, J.;
The starting point of these investigations is the performed irradiation program for the Rheinsberg reactor for 3 different reactor periods during 1984 to 1988. In this program a great number of steel specimens were irradiated at different positions. Additionally a certain number of activation monitors were installed. For the planned mechanical proof of these specimens information of the irradiation condition of all specimens are needed. Therefore we have to calculate the neutron fluences at the different irradiation points for all relevant reactor periods. A spectrum adjustment is used to proof and correct calculational results taking into account measurement results.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994 vom 17.-19.5.1994
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Jahrestagung Kerntechnik 1994 vom 17.-19.5.1994, Tagungsbericht S. 19

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-91
Publ.-Id: 91


PET for treatment plan verification and beam monitoring in light ion tumour therapy.
Hasch, B.-G.; Manfraß, P.; Pawelke, J.; Sobiella, M.; Enghardt, W.; Blochberger, P.; Friedrich, A.; Geißel, H.; Irnich, H.; Kraft, G.; Magel, A.; Meufels, W.; Münzenberg, G.; Nickel, F.; Poppensieker, K.; Schall, I.; Schardt, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Voss, B.; Ziegler, C.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Proceedings of the XIth International Conference on Computers in Radiation Therapy, 20-24 March 1994, Manchester, 364-365
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Proceedings of the XIth International Conference on Computers in Radiation Therapy, 20-24 March 1994, Manchester, 364-365

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-89
Publ.-Id: 89


Development of a cobalt liquid alloy ion source
Hesse, E.; Bischoff, L.; Teichert, J.;
A cobalt-neodymium liquid alloy ion source for applications in focused ion beam devices was developed and investigated. The performance and the main parameters of the ion source are presented.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics (Rapid Communication) 27 (1994) pp. 427-428

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-88
Publ.-Id: 88


Determination of Inorganic Species in Seepage Water of Uranium-Mining Rockpiles and in Related Media
Geipel, G.; Thieme, M.;
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles and Letters 183 (1994) 1 pp. 139-145

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-87
Publ.-Id: 87


Excited states built on the 6- isomer in ...
Winter, G.; Schwengner, R.; Reif, J.; Prade, H.; Döring, J.; Wirowski, R.; Nicolay, N.; von Brentano, P.; Grawe, H.; Schubart, R.;
  • Physical Review C 49 (1994) pp. 2427

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-86
Publ.-Id: 86


Transport treatment of an expanding pion gas in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions
Barz, H.-W.; Bertsch, G.; Danielewicz, P.; Schulz, H.; Welke, G. M.;
  • Book (Authorship)
    "HOT AND DENSE NUCLEAR MATTER" Plenum Press (Konferenzbericht - Buch) New York, 1994, pp. 687

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-85
Publ.-Id: 85


Photovoltaik-Experimentierfeld im Forschungszentrum Rossendorf
Rindelhardt, U.; Teichmann, G.; Schubert, D.;
Im Institut für Sicherheitsforschung des Forschungszentrums Rossendorf wurde ein Photovoltaik-Experimentierfeld in Betrieb genommen. Die Anlage, die der Durchführung von wissenschaftlichen Begleituntersuchungen zum Bund-Länder-1000-Dächer-Programm dient, besteht aus 3 Teilfeldern. Ein Strahlungsmeßfeld dient der Erfassung meteorologischer Parameter und der Bestimmung der Energieproduktion unterschiedlich geneigter und ausgerichteter Module. Eine netzgekoppelte Referenzanlage erlaubt die Untersuchung der Energieflüsse und Verlustquellen. Im Modulfeld werden der effektive Wirkungsgrad bzw. die Energieproduktion von derzeit 13 unterschiedlichen Modulen in Abhängigkeit von Einstrahlung und Temperatur gemessen. Zur Durchführung der Messungen und Datenauswertung wurden spezielle Hard- und Softwarelösungen entwickelt.
  • ELEKTRIE 48 (1994), S.31

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-84
Publ.-Id: 84


Transverse momentum dependence of dileptons from parton matter produced in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions
Kämpfer, B.; Pavlenko, O. P.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-23 Preprint
  • Physical Review C 49 (1994) pp. 2716

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-83
Publ.-Id: 83


The Deuteron Spin-Dependent Structure Function within an Effective Meson-Nucleon Theory
Kaptari, L. P.; Kazakov, K. Y.; Umnikov, A. Y.; Kämpfer, B.;
  • Physics Letters B 321 (1994) pp. 271
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-22 Preprint

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-82
Publ.-Id: 82


Writing implantation with a high current density focused ion beam
Bischoff, L.; Hesse, E.; Panknin, D.; Skorupa, W.; Teichert, J.;
The Rossendorf Focused Ion Beam IMSA-100 was used for writing implantation of cobalt (E = 30 keV Co+ and 60 keV Co++; D = 0.5...5x1017 cm-2) at room temperature to form CoSi2 microstructures on silicon by ion beam synthesis. For that aim two types of Liquid Alloy Ion Sourses (LAIS) were developed. As implanted and annealed (600°C for 60 min and 1000°C for 30 min in N2 atmosphere) silicide structures were analysed by SEM, EDX and electrical measurments.
  • Contribution to external collection
    Int. Conf. Microcircnit Engineering ME '93, Masstricht, 27.-29.9.1993
  • Microelectronic Engineering 23 (1994) pp. 115-118

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-80
Publ.-Id: 80


Relaxation of radiation damages in silicon planar detectors
Schmidt, B.; Eremin, V.; Ivanov, A.; Strokan, N.; Verbitskaya, E.; Li, Z.;
The behaviour of radiation induced carbon related defects in high resistivity silicon detectors has been investigated. The defects were introduced by alpha-particle irradiation and the measurements were carried out by the DLTS-technique. The unusual defect behaviour consists in low temperature anealing, including self annealing at room temperature, of the interstitial carbon Ci with a simultaneous increase of the (Ci-Oi)-complex concentration. The kinetic parameters of the process have been determined from the increase of the Ci-centre concentration versus time. Tho annealing velocities have been observed, which ar due to different heat treatments during the detector fabrication process.
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Conference Proceedings Vol. 46, "Large Scale Applications and Radiation Hardness of Semiconductor Detectors", SIF, Bologna, 1994

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-79
Publ.-Id: 79


Selforganization and Disorder in on Open Quantum System
Müller, M.; Rotter, I.; Iskra, W.;
  • Acta Physica Polonica 25 (1994) pp. 711

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-78
Publ.-Id: 78


Untersuchungen zur Strukturbildung bei der Hydratation von Zement
Hempel, A.; Hempel, M.; Häußler, F.; Eichhorn, F.; Baumbach, H.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Arbeitstreffen des Verbundes "Forschung mit Neutronen" 18.-20.10.1993 in Benediktbeuren

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-77
Publ.-Id: 77


Workshop on a Project for a FZR-Beam Line at ESRF
Matz, W.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-24 Preprint

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-76
Publ.-Id: 76


A note on the force on an accelerating spherical drop at low Reynolds-number
Galindo, V.; Gerbeth, G.;
The time-dependent drag force on a spherical drop is analyzed for the linear limit of small Reynolds numbers. There is an error in the literature on the generalization of the known Basset memory kernel of a rigid sphere to the case of a drop. Correct results are presented here. A new overshooting effect is found if thermocapillarity is driving the drop motion rather than gravity.
  • Physics of Fluids A5, 12 (1993), S. 3290 - 3292, American Institute of Physics, New York

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-74
Publ.-Id: 74


Unsteady Thermocapillary Migration of Isolated Spherical Drops in a Uniform Temperature Gradient
Galindo, V.; Gerbeth, G.;
A theoretical analysis of liquid drop unsteady migration under microgravity conditions is presented, for the case of an interfacial tension gradient on the drop surface generated by a uniform temperature gradient in the surrounding liquid. The effect of buoyancy due to a residual gravity vector aligned parallel to the temperature gradient is included. The relevant equations are solved in the creeping flow limit where in the convective transport of momentum as well as that of the energy is neglected, i.e. at low Reynolds and Marangoni numbers. The flow and the temperature field within and around the drop are obtained after transforming the results from the Laplace domain, in which they are derived, to the time domain. The time transient behaviour of the migration speed depends strongly on the choice of the initial flow and temperature fields.
  • Microgravity Science and Technology 7(1994)3, 234-241

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-73
Publ.-Id: 73


Numerische Untersuchungen zum mechanischen Schwingungsverhalten einer nassen LVD-Lanze
Altstadt, E.; Weiß, F.-P.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-20 (nicht öffentlich)
  • Open Access LogoWissenschaftlich-Technische Berichte / Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-19 1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-72
Publ.-Id: 72


High Concentrated [99mTc] Pertechnetate Solutions from (n,y) 99Mo/99mTc Generators for Nuclear Medical Use
Seifert, S.; Wagner, G.; Eckardt, A.;
  • Applied Radiation and Isotopes 45 (1994) 5, pp. 577-579

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-71
Publ.-Id: 71


Preparation and Characterization of Ultrathin Crystalline Silicon Membranes
Schmidt, B.; von Borany, J.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    EUROSENORS VII, 26.-27.9.1993, Budapest

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-69
Publ.-Id: 69


Experience of Installation and Optimization of the VIKTORIA-Code
Funke, H.; Kunicke, M.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    European Convex Users Conference, 27.-29.10.1993, Bilbao, Spanien

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-67
Publ.-Id: 67


Thermal diffuse Scattering in SrX BA1-X Nb2O6
Prokert, F.; Savenko, B. N.;
  • Poster
    Arbeitstreffen des Verbundes Forschung mit Neutronen vom 18.-20.10.1993 in Benediktbeuern

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-66
Publ.-Id: 66


The effect of post-treatment of diamond-like carbon films with high energy ion beams
Kolitsch, A.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Diamond-Conference, Sept. 1993 in Portugal

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-65
Publ.-Id: 65


Electrical effects of residual defects in Si after high energy implantation of Ge+ ions and annealing
Kögler, R.; von Borany, J.; Panknin, D.; Skorupa, W.;
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 89 (1994) pp. 350-353

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-63
Publ.-Id: 63


Experimental Errors in Quantitative Texture Analysis from Diffraction Pole Figures
Mücklich, A.; Klimanek, P.;
After a brief discussion of the meaning of diffraction pole figures due to polycrystals the main sources of statistical and physical errors in quantitative texture analysis are analysed. The essential influence of the microcopical architecture (lattice perfection of the crystallites, grain sice and orientation distribution) of the sample material on the results of texture analysis is demonstraded. Possibilities of an estimation of errors by computer simulation or of correction by applying of useful correction methods are pointed out.
  • Materials Science Forum Vol. 157-162 (1994) pp. 275-286

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-62
Publ.-Id: 62


Positron emission tomography for dose localization and beam monitoring in light ion tumour therapy.
Enghardt, W.; Hasch, B.-G.; Manfraß, P.; Pawelke, J.; Sobiella, M.; Blochberger, P.; Friedrich, A.; Geißel, H.; Irnich, H.; Kraft, G.; Magel, A.; Münzenberg, G.; Nickel, F.; Poppensieker, K.; Schall, I.; Schardt, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Voss, B.; Ziegler, C.;
  • Poster
    Medical Physics '93, 22-24 Sep 1993, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain
    Book of Abstracts(1993)F-218
    Proceedings, Vol. 2(1993)321-324
  • Contribution to external collection
    Medical Physics '93, 22-24 Sep 1993, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain
    Book of Abstracts(1993)F-218
    Proceedings, Vol. 2(1993)321-324

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-60
Publ.-Id: 60


Probing early parton kinetics by photons, dileptons and charm
Kämpfer, B.; Pavlenko, O. P.;
  • Nuclear Physics A 566 (1994) pp. 351c
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-16 Preprint

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-59
Publ.-Id: 59


Self-Consistent Solutions of the Semibosonized Nambu & Jona-Lasinio Model
Wünsch, R.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-18

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-58
Publ.-Id: 58


Analytical and experimental investigations for modelling the fluid-strukture-interaction in annular gaps
Grunwald, G.; Altstadt, E.;
Modelling the mechanical vibrations of pressurized water reactor internals the fluid-structure-interaction is to be taken into account. Especially at VVER-440 reactors there is a strong influence of the fluid due to the specific geometry. The intention of the presentation is to provide a solution of the continuity and the Navier-Stokes equations for the special case of a narrow annular gap geometry considering the fluid friction.
To obtain an analytical solution for these coupled 3D partial differential equations further assumptions and simplifications must be made:
- the width of the annular gap is small compared with the diameter,
- displacements of the mechanical structure are small compared with the gap width
- the fluid flow velocity components are independent on the radius.
Keeping these assumptions in mind one can reduce the dimension of the continuity equation from 3D to 2D by averaging over the gap width.
Two elementary types of motion of the cylinder are considered: parallel displacement and pendular motion. By superimposing these elementary types even more general motions can be described.
In practice the application could be meaningful for core barrel motion at LWRs in general and for flow induced vibrations of control elements at VVER-440 reactors.
The analytical results are compared with experimental ones from a cylindrical pendulum setup. The criteria of comparison are the eigenfrequency and the damping of the pendulum in the static and flowing fluid. There is a good agreement between analytical and experimental results. Especially the strong influence of the chosen boundary condition upon the pressure equations can be shown.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    IMORN-24 (Informal Meeting on Reactor Noise), Oybin / Germany, 23 - 25 June 1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-57
Publ.-Id: 57


Anwendung der Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie für die Kontrolle der Tumortherapie mit leichten Ionen.
Enghardt, W.; Hasch, B.-G.; Manfraß, P.; Pawelke, J.; Sobiella, M.; Blochberger, P.; Friedrich, A.; Geißel, H.; Irnich, H.; Kraft, G.; Magel, A.; Meufels, W.; Münzenberg, G.; Nickel, F.; Poppensieker, K.; Schall, I.; Schardt, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Voss, B.; Ziegler, C.;
kein Abstrakt
  • Lecture (Conference)
    24. Wissenschaftliche Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Physik e.V. 20-23 Okt, 1993, Erlangen
    Tagungsband (1993) 254-255
  • Contribution to proceedings
    24. Wissenschaftliche Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Physik e.V. 20-23 Okt, 1993, Erlangen
    Tagungsband (1993) 254-255

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-55
Publ.-Id: 55


Beschreibung der Software zur Gewinnung und Bearbeitung von Bilddaten der Mikrostrahlanlage IMSA-100
Wagenaar, E. J.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-17

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Publ.-Id: 54


Acoustic Leak Detection at Complicated Geometrical Structures Using Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks
Hessel, G.; Schmitt, W.; Weiß, F.-P.;
Methods of acoustic leak monitoring are of great practical interest for the safety of pressure vessels and pipe lines not only at the primary circuit of nuclear power plants. In this report some aspects of acoustic leak localization at complicated three-dimensional topologies for the case of leakage monitoring at the reactor vessel head of a VVER-440 are discussed.
An acoustic method based on pattern recognition is being developed. During the learning phase, the localization classifier is trained with sound patterns that are generated with simulated leaks at all locations endangered by leak. After training unknown leak positions can be recognized through comparison with the training patterns.
The sound patterns of the simulated leaks are simultaneously detected with an AE-sensor array and with high frequency microphones measuring structureborne sound and airborne noise, respectively.
The initial results show the used classifiers principally to be capable of detecting and locating leaks, but they also show that further investigations are necessary to develop a reliable method.
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-21 October 1993, pp 1-14

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Publ.-Id: 51


Electrical and Optical Properties of ß-FeSi2 after Co Implantation and Annealing
Panknin, D.; Eichhorn, F.; Wieser, E.; Skorupa, W.; Henrion, W.; Albrecht, J.;
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods B 84 (1994), 172

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Publ.-Id: 50


Determination of Inorganic Species in Trickle Water of Uranium-Mining Rockpiles as well as in Related Media
Thieme, M.; Geipel, G.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    und Poster bei 5th Conf. Separation of Ionic Solutes SIS '93, Stara Lesna, 27.9.-1.10.1993)

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-49
Publ.-Id: 49


Results of a three-dimensional hexagonal kinetic benchmark problem
Kereszturi, A.; Telbisz, M.; Grundmann, U.; Krell, J.;
The recent safety analysis investigations of the VVER type reactors require the use of three-dimensional hexagonal kinetic codes. For this purpose the codes KIKO3D and DYN3D were developed in the Atomic Research Institute Budapest and in the Research Center Rossendorf, respectively. The kinetic codes have to be validated before being used for safety assessments. A benchmark problem is defined, as the first step of the validation procedure of hexagonal kinetic programs.
The problem describes a rod ejection transient in a VVER-type geometry, where the worth of the ejected rod is just below the prompt critical value. The initial power is near to zero and the power rise is not too large. Therefore, the transient can be treated without feedback based on given the time-dependence of the cross sections and geometry.
KIKO3D results are presented, i.e the solution of time dependent nodal equations by the Improved Quasistatic (IQS) Method. The time dependence of the integrated power and the reactivity are compared with the adiabatic results. These results are also compared with the results of two different DYN3D calculations carried out in Rossendorf and in Berlin.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    ENS Regional Meeting in Portoroz 1993 "Nuclear Energy in Central Europe: Present and Perspectives"

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-48
Publ.-Id: 48


Design of an achromatic mass separator for a focused ion beam system
Teichert, J.; Tiunor, M. A.;
The design of an achromatic mass separator which consists of two ExB filters, a stigmator, and the separation aperture is descibed. The optical properties of the ExB filters are derived. The influence of the designd mass are shown.
  • Contribution to external collection
    SPIE Vol 2014 Charged-Particle Optic (1993) 85

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-47
Publ.-Id: 47


Experimente zur Neutronenoptik perfekter Kristalle
Eichhorn, F.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Fachbereich Physik der Universität Osnabrück am 1.7.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-46
Publ.-Id: 46


Physical Aspects of Precise Spectrometry of alpha-particles with pn-Junction Detetors
Verbitskaya, E.; Eremin, V.; Strokan, N.; Kemmer, J.; Schmidt, B.; von Borany, J.;
Investigations of energy and charge losses have been carried out for silicon planar alpha-particle detectors. The detectors were manufactured by an advanced technology, using ion implantation and various anealing temperatures. A deteiled analysis of the recombination processes in alpha-particle tracks with a high electron-hole density and a measurement procedure for the main parameters of charge carrier loss have been developed. The procedure consists in the measurement of the pulse amplitude deficit as a function of the reverse bias voltage and the tilting angle as well as in a special treatment for the determination of carrier lifetimes, surface recombination velocities and dead layers. The experimental data show a reduction of the dead leyer to 200 A, and of the energy resolution to 9-9.5 keV. The explanation implies possible changes of the doping profile due to acceptor diffusion under thermal treatment and the corresponding modification of the built-in field in the p+-layer. This effect suppresses the surface and Auger recombination of non-equilibrium carriers in tracks of alpha-particles.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 84 (1994) 51-61

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Ion Beam Induced Amorphization and Epitaxial Crystallization of 6H-SiC
Heera, V.; Kögler, R.; Skorupa, W.; Glaser, E.; Bachmann, T.;
  • Poster
    ECAART '93, Orleans, France

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-44
Publ.-Id: 44


Electrochemical Etch Stop Behaviour on Ion Implanted Silicon pn-Junctions
Schmidt, B.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Micro System Technologies Russia, 21.-24 Juni 1993, St. Petersburg

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-43
Publ.-Id: 43


Simulation of high-dose ion implantation-induced transient diffusion and of electrical activation of boron in crystalline silicon
Jäger, H.-U.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    Simulation of Semiconductor Devices and Processes, vol. 5, editors: S. Selberherr, H. Stippel and E. Strasser, Springer-Verlag Wien, 1993, p. 137-140

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-42
Publ.-Id: 42


Investigations on Content and Distribution of Uranium and Radionuclides in an Early Wismut-Rockpile in Schlema
Geipel, G.; Thieme, M.; Bernhard, G.; Baraniak, L.;
  • Poster
    Altlastensanierung 93, Berlin, Mai 1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-41
Publ.-Id: 41


Separation of Radionuclides from a fission product solutron by ionexchange on alumina
Bernhard, G.;
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 177 (1994) 2 pp. 321-325

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Publ.-Id: 40


Selforganization in the Nuclear System: II. Formation of a New Order
Iskra, W.; Müller, M.; Rotter, I.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-13 Preprint
  • Journal of Physics G 20 (1994) pp. 775

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Publ.-Id: 39


Fluidic microcell with sensor array in Si-glass technology
Pham, T.; Howitz, S.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    Conf. Transducers 1993, Yokohama (Bearbeitung wird bis 4.6.93 abgeschlossen, danach Veröffentlichung mögl.)

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-37
Publ.-Id: 37


The Influence of Chemical Interactions between Fission Products and Wall Material on the Aerosol Behavior in a Thermal Gradient Tube
Funke, H.; Kourti, N.; Bieder, U.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Konferenzbeitrag, European Aerosol Conference 1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-36
Publ.-Id: 36


Ein Vergleich zwischen assoziativen Korrelationsmatrizen und assoziativen Tensoren mit Bezug zur optimalen Signalschätzung
Hoppe, D.;
  • Other report
    Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; Laborbericht Mai 1993, Institut für Sicherheitsforschung

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-35
Publ.-Id: 35


Neutron and X-ray Investigations on the Oxigen Bonding in YBa2Cu30(7-x) combined with Physico-chemical Methods
Große, M.; Schuster, G.; Teske, K.; Anwand, W.; Henkel, K.;
The occupancy of the oxygen lattice positions at different annealing conditions in Yba2Cu3O(7-x) were determined by Rietveld refinements using neutron and X-ray diffraction data. The occupation density for the oxygen positions O1 to O4 were ascertained. The values of the oxygen content of the samples from this method were compared with those measured by thermoanalysis. The O1 and O4 oxygen atoms are exchangeable by thermal treatment. The oxygen in the planes is fixed and cannot be removed by thermal treatment up to 935oC. The binding strength of O1 in the lattice is stronger than that of O4 atoms; this is demonstrated by a higher temperature of dissociation of the O1 atoms. The amount of the oxygen taken up is not exactly equal to the oxygen actually in the lattice positions. In the temperature region below 400oC adsorption and chemisorption processes become dominant.
  • Fresenius Zeitschrift für Analyt. Chemie 349 (1994) 1-3 pp. 231-233
  • Poster
    7. Tagung Festkörperanalytik, Chemnitz, 19. - 23. Juni 1993

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Publ.-Id: 34


Thermochromatographische Experimente zur Oxidgaschemie von Molybdän und Wolfram
Hübener, S.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    2. Workshop, Chemie schwerster Elemente, Solothurn, Schweiz, 25.-27.5.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-33
Publ.-Id: 33


Probleme bei der Durchführung und Auswertung von Thermochromatographie-Experimenten
Roß, A.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    2. Workshop, Chemie schwerster Elemente, Solothurn, Schweiz, 25.-27.5.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-32
Publ.-Id: 32


Theoretische Probleme bei der Auswertung von Thermochromatographie-Experimenten
Funke, H.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    2. Workshop, Chemie schwerster Elemente, 25.-27.5.1993, Solothurn, Schweiz

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-31
Publ.-Id: 31


Neutronic Problems of a Compact 14 MeV Plasma Neutron Source
Kumpf, H.; Noack, K.; Kramoperov, V. G.;
Neutronic problems connected with the design of a compact 14MeV neutron source for fusion material research based on a plasma mirror are treated. In particular it has been demonstrated, that further construction efforts are necessary to comply with the established radiation limits for the magnetic system. Further it ist not possible to raise the useful high energy flux by arranging reflectors. If one of the source areas of the machine is equipped with a moderator, a thermal neutron source with a flux of about 5 1014 n cm-2 s-1 can be achieved.
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-11

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Publ.-Id: 30


Ein Einstufenverfahren zur Synthese von [1,2 14c] Trichloressigsäure, ausgehend von [1,2 14c] Natriumacetat
Bubner, M.; Herse, K.; Vlasakova, V.; Fuksova, K.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    3. Arbeitstagung des IIS, Bad Soden 1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-29
Publ.-Id: 29


A study of exicted states in 85 Kr and 86Kr: Evidence for neutron-core excitations in the N=50 nucleus 86Kr
Winter, G.; Schwengner, R.; Reif, J.; Prade, H.; Funke, L.; Wirowski, R.; Nicolay, N.; Dewald, A.; von Brentano, P.; Grawe, H.; Schubart, R.;
  • Physical Review C, Vol. 48, No. 3, September 1993, p. 1010-1019

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Publ.-Id: 28


Modellexperimente zur gaschemischen Charakterisierung des Elementes 106
Hübener, S.; Roß, A.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Seminar des Institutes für Kernchemie der J.-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, 21.04.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-27
Publ.-Id: 27


Photon production in an expanding gluon-enriched plasma
Kämpfer, B.; Pavlenko, O. P.;
Photon production in an expanding gluon plasma with initially little quark admixture
is considered. Photons are created by lowest order a, processes which include quarks.
Chemical equilibration of the quarks in turn is followed by rate equations which rely on lowest order αsgg = qq processes. Expansion slows down the quark cooking. Compared with the standard local equilibrium estimates we find a drastic reduction of mediumenergy photons if the initial quark admixure is below 20% of the chemical saturation density. Higher initial temperatures increase significantly the high-energy photon yield and overcompensate this reduction.
  • Zeitschrift für Physik C 62 (1994) pp. 491
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-09 Preprint
  • Jadernaja fizika 58, (1995), 2260-2265
  • Phys. Atom. Nucl. 58, (1995), 2144-2149

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Publ.-Id: 25


Untersuchungen zu natürlich-radioaktiven Inhaltsstoffen in Berghalden des Wismutbergbaus in Schlema
Geipel, G.; Thieme, M.; Bernhard, G.; Baraniak, L.;
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Hauptversammlung der GDCh Hamburg

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-24
Publ.-Id: 24


In-situ-Charakterisierung von Retentionsprozessen an Gesteinen mittels SWV
Thieme, M.;
  • Poster
    ELACH 1, Elektroanalyt. Tagung, Feldberg, 2.-4.6.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-23
Publ.-Id: 23


Untersuchungen zur Geschwindigkeit der Retention umweltrelevanter Schwermetallspezis an Halden- und Modellgesteinen
Thieme, M.; Geipel, G.;
  • Poster
    XLIV. Berg- u. Hüttenmännischer Tag, Freiberg, 16.-19.6.1993

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-22
Publ.-Id: 22


Investigation of two-phase flow phenomena at integral test facilities using needle conductivity probes
Maroti, L.; Prasser, H.-M.; Windberg, P.;
The paper deals with the utilization of needle shaped conductivity probes developed in Rossendorf during a small break LOCA experiment at the Budapest PMK test facility. A 1-%-break at the down-comer inlet was simulated, the ECC tanks were switched off. The probes worked properly under primary circuit conditions (12.3 MPa, 300 °C), the data acquision system provided clearly readable data in spite of the high electrical disturbance level caused by the directly heated fuel rod simulators of PMK. The paper presents plots of the signals of the probes. The level drop in the upper plenum of the reactor, the hot leg loop-seal clearing and the emptying of the steam generator cold collector were indicated. Closely after the loop-seal clearing void fraction oscillations with a period of about 22-24 sec were observed at the reactor outlet and the steam generator inlet.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    8th International Conference on Thermal Engineering and Thermogrammetry, Budapest, 2.-4.6.1993
  • Contribution to proceedings
    8th International Conference on Thermal Engineering and Thermogrammetry, Budapest, 2.-4.6.1993, p. 275 - 280

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-21
Publ.-Id: 21


High-resolution spectroscopy of fission fragments, neutrons and gamma-rays
Märten, H.; Schilling, K.-D.;
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Proceedings of the International Workshop
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-08, 1993

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Publ.-Id: 20


Kinetics of an expanding pion gas and low-mass dilepton emission
Kämpfer, B.; Koch, P.; Pavlenko, O. P.;
  • Physical Review C 49 (1994) pp. 3468
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Int. Workshop on Nuclei + Nuclear Excitations, Hirschegg 1993, vom 3.11.93
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-07 Preprint

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Publ.-Id: 19


Technetium and rhenium complexes of mercapto-containing peptides - 1. Tc(V) and Re(V) complexes with mercaptoacetyl diglycine (MAG2) and X-ray structure of AsPh4[TcO(MAG2)] x C2H5OH
Johannsen, B.; Noll, B.; Noll, S.; Spies, H.; Leibnitz, P.; Reck, G.;
  • Inorganica Chimica Acta 210 (1993) pp. 209-214

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Publ.-Id: 18


Tiefenlagenabhängigkeit von Struktur und Gefüge sowie der mechanischen Eigenschaften bei Reaktordruckbehälterstählen
Große, M.; Böhmert, J.; Viehrig, H.-W.;
  • Poster
    Tagung "Gefüge und Bruch", Bochum, 17.-19.3.1993

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Publ.-Id: 17


Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research; Annual Report 1992
Matz, W.; Prokert, F.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-06

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Publ.-Id: 16


Radonexhalation aus Bergbauhinterlassenschaften im Döhlener Becken
Baraniak, L.; Mende, A.;
  • Poster
    XLIV. Berg- u. Hüttenmännischen Tag, Freiberg, Juni 1993

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Publ.-Id: 14


Nutzung einer zukünftigen Synchrotronstrahlungsquelle, Arbeitstreffen am 15. und 16. Dezember 1992 in Dresden, Sammlung der Beiträge
Matz, W.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-03

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Publ.-Id: 13


Betriebsergebnisse und Untersuchungen zur Stillegung der Anlage zur Molybdän-99-produktion Rossendorf -AMOR-I-
Bernhard, G.;
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-04

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Publ.-Id: 12


The Code DYN3D/M2 for the Calculation of Reactivity Initiated Transients in Light Water Reactors with Hexagonal Fuel Elements -Code Manual and Input Data Description-
Grundmann, U.; Rohde, U.;
The code DYN3D/M2 is used for investigations of reactivity transients in cores of thermal power reactors with hexagonal fuel elements. The 3-dimensional neutron kinetics model HEXDYN3D of the code is based on a nodal expansion method for solving the two-group neutron diffusion equation. The thermo-hydraulic part FLOCAL consists of a two-phase flow model describing coolant behaviour and a fuel rod model. The fuel elements are simulated by separate coolant channels. Additional, some hot channels with power peaking factors belonging to chosen fuel elements can be considered. Several safety parameters as temperatures, DNBR and fuel enthalpy are evaluated. Macroscopic cross sections depending from the thermo-hydraulic parameters and boron concentration are input data of the code. The stationary state and transient behaviour can be analyzed. The arrangement of input data are descibed for using the different option of the code.
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-02 Reprint of Report FSS-2/92, February 1992

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Publ.-Id: 11


DYN3D/M2 - a Code for Calculation of Reactivity Transients in Cores with Hexagonal Geometry
Grundmann, U.; Rohde, U.;
The code DYN3D/M2 consists of a the 3-dimensional neutron kinetic model of the code HEXDYN3D and the thermohydraulic model of the code FLOCAL. The neutron kinetics of DYN3D/M2 is calculated by using a nodal expansion method (NEM) for hexagonal geometry. The developed method solves the neutron diffusion equation for two energy groups. Stationary state and transient behaviour can be calculated. By help of the code PREPAR-EC parameterizid neutron physical constants of given burnup distribution can be transferred from the MAGRU library to an input file of DYN3D/M2. The code FLOCAL consisting of a two-phase coolant flow model, a fuel rod model and a heat transfer regime map up to superheated steam is coupled with neutron kinetics by the neutron physical constants. One coolant channel per fuel assembly and additional hot channels are considered. The activities for code validation and the range of application are described.
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-01 Reprint of Report ZfK-690, November 1989

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Publ.-Id: 10


Projektvorbereitung und -abwicklung des Bund-Länder-1000-Dächer-Photovoltaik-Programms
Rindelhardt, U.; Teichmann, G.;
The report summarizes the present state of the 1000-Roof-Photovoltaic-Programme (sponsered by the BMFT and the Federal States) in the five new German Federal states. After some starting problems the programme is well accepted also in East Germany now, especially in Brandenburg, Saxony and Thuringia. Statistical data are given on the siutation in the single states.
Some operation results are discussed in more detail. A final yield of 2 kWh/kWp.a seems to be possible, at least in the region of Saxony. The share of the direct used solar energy by the plant owner strongly depends on the individual energy consumption and on the season. During the winter only a share of 10 % is realistic, but in summer the value can reach 50 % or more. The average performance ratio of several systems is estimated to 68 %.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    BMFT-Statusbericht Photovoltaik / BMFT-Statusseminar 27.-29.4.1993 in Bad Breisig, Tagungsband S.66
  • Contribution to proceedings
    BMFT-Statusbericht Photovoltaik / BMFT-Statusseminar 27.-29.4.1993 in Bad Breisig, Tagungsband S.66

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-9
Publ.-Id: 9


The solid electrolyte technique as a precise method for the investigation of reduction - oxidation - reactions
Nebelung, C.;
  • Poster
    12th International Symposium on Microchemical Techniques 06.09.1992, Cordoba, Spain

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Publ.-Id: 8


1000-Dächer-Programm in Sachsen und Thüringen: Programmablauf, Anlagentechnik und Ergebnisse
Eckert, W.; Knopf, U.; Rindelhardt, U.; Teichmann, G.;
The paper dealt with the first results of the 1000-Roof-Photovoltaic Programme in the German Federal States of Saxony and Thuringia. Experiences in designing and mounting the pv-plants are discussed. Up to the end of 1992 totally 70 small pv-plants were coupled to the grid in both states. From the first results a mean energy production of about 700 kWh per installed power of 1 kWp can be extrapolated. The most technical difficulties resulted from the used DC-AC-inverters. Additional problems were caused by the grid itself, which was still integrated in the East European Network.
  • Lecture (Conference)
    8. Nationales Symposium "Photovoltaische Solarenergie", Staffelstein, 17.-19. März 1993, Tagungsband S. 125
  • Contribution to proceedings
    8. Nationales Symposium "Photovoltaische Solarenergie", Staffelstein, 17.-19. März 1993, Tagungsband S. 125

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-7
Publ.-Id: 7


Technetium Complexes with Thioether Ligands - III. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Cationic Nitridotechnetium(V) Complexes with Thiacrown ethers
Pietzsch, H.-J.; Spies, H.; Leibnitz, P.; Reck, G.;
  • Polyhedron 12 (1993) 24 pp. 2995-3002

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Publ.-Id: 6


Warmwasserbereitung mit thermischen Solaranlagen - Eine Einführung in Technik und Kosten
Maletti, R.;
  • Contribution to external collection
    Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit, Dezember 1993, Januar 1996

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Publ.-Id: 5


Netzgekoppelte Photovoltaikanlagen: Stand und aktuelle Ergebnisse
Rindelhardt, U.;
Der derzeitige Entwicklungsstand bei netzgekoppelten Photovoltaikanlagen wird dargestellt. Basierend auf einer Darstellung der eingesetzten Anlagentechnik und ihrer Besonderheiten werden aktuelle Betriebsergebnisse von kleinen (1 bis 5 kWp) Anlagen diskutiert. Die Ergebnisse wurden vorwiegend an Anlagen gewonnen, die im Rahmen des 100-Dächer-Programms in Sachsen errichtet wurden. Abschließend wird auf künftige Entwicklungen eingegangen.
  • Energieanwendung und Energietechnik Heft 6, 1993, S. 300

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Publ.-Id: 4


Narrow Emission from a Lithium Liquid Metal lon Source
Hesse, E.; Naehring, F.;
At a lithium metal ion source two concentric emission bundles with sharp outlines are observed, which may indicate two different kinds of emitted ions and/or emission mechanisms. The angular intensity of the narrow bundle is the highest yet reported for liquid metal ion source.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics / Rapid Communication 26 (1993) 717

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Selforganization in the nuclear system: I. The slaving principle
Iskra, W.; Müller, M.; Rotter, I.;
  • Journal of Physics G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 19, (1993), 2045-2062
  • Open Access LogoForschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR 93-01 Preprint 1993

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